afferent neuron


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to afferent neuron: afferent pathway

afferent neuron

[′af·ə·rənt ′nu̇‚rän]
(neuroscience)
A nerve cell that conducts impulses toward a nerve center, such as the central nervous system.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Tritonia diomedea swim afferent neurons may use glutamate as their neurotransmitter.
Bladder overactivity and hyperexcitability of bladder afferent neurons after intrathecal delivery of nerve growth factor in rats.
9, 10) Another neuropeptide, calcitonin gene-related peptide, a potent vasodilator, present in non-myelinated afferent neurons, may also play a role in pain pathology.
Animal model research of osteoarthritis (OA) suggests that joint inflammation induces an upregulation in sodium (Na) channel expression in primary afferent neurons, a process that sets the stage for chronic pain.
The afferent neurons are sensory nerves that conduct impulses toward the central nervous system from receptors located throughout the body.
There's a growing body of evidence that also suggests these children have a reduced threshold for pain that's related to biochemical changes in the afferent neurons of the enteric and central nervous system.
Effect of nitric oxide on substance P release from the peripheral endings of primary afferent neurons.
Role of Neurotrophic Factors in Hyperexcitability of Afferent Neurons Innervating Rat Urinary Bladder Following Spinal Cord Injury
14-16) The microbiome is 100-fold larger than that of its host and culture-based assays and other tests that include fluorescent in situ hybridization, terminal restriction fragment length polymorphisms, microarrays, and direct sequencing reveal exciting new data on how human microbiotica can detoxify the body, fight inflammation, and nourish the ECM and afferent neurons to regenerate the body via a quorum cell-to-cell language.
This results from spinal nerve ligation producing attenuated glutamate uptake activity in the deep dorsal and ventral horn, the projection regions of excitatory, pain transmitting primary afferent neurons that utilize glutamate as an excitatory neurotransmitter (111).
Animal model research of osteoarthritis (OA) suggests that joint inflammation induces an up-regulation in sodium (Na) channel expression in primary afferent neurons, a process that sets the stage for chronic pain.
90) Furthermore, the ionotropic glutamate receptors--NMDA and alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA)--have been identified on the afferent neurons of inner hair cells, (90) and glutamate has been found to function as the fast excitatory neurotransmitter in these synapses.