Affricates

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Affricates

 

consonants consisting of plosive (obstruent) and fricative elements; for example, Russian ts and ch. An affricate is a type of obstruent consonant the occlusion of which, when it is pronounced, does not terminate with the explosion of the plosive organs of speech but with their incomplete closure, which causes the formation of a fricative. Affricates are distinguished from combinations of plosive consonants with fricatives; compare Russian ch and tsh in the words ochutit’sia and otshutit’sia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Consonants with a lower error frequency are fricatives (with some omission errors), affricates and nasals.
Spirants include sibilants /s/ and /s/ along with affricates /z/ [ts?
Mota (2008b) makes a remark controlling the type of lexical item: the word muito computes 68 affricate occurrences, of which only three are found in the more monitored context (in response to a questionnaire item), which does not allow the correlation between degrees of formality and affricate realization suggested by the author; however, the high frequency of the item is an indicative that deserves a more specific control.
The inter-dental fricatives are usually changed in the order of change; [[theta]]>[t] and [[eth]]>[d]; the voiceless is at times changed to a voiceless alveolar affricate [ts].
Table 9: The comparison of sonant affricate consonant between MP and ISP Sonant affricate consonant MP *j- *-j- BUP [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] Table 10: The comparison of liquid consonant between MP and ISP MP ISP *r- *r *l Table 11: The comparison of the half vowel consonant between MP and ISP The half vowel consonant MP *w *y ISP *w *y
1/ In and /t/ in combination with stops fricatives and affricates make possible clusters at word medial position.
There is for instance no evidence for the occurrence of an aspirated counterpart of the dental affricate /ts/, and the contrast between aspirated and unaspirated retroflex sounds, whether plosive /t/ or affricate /ts/, is doubtful (and most likely allophonic), whereas the phonological contrast between the palatal affricate /tc/ and its aspirated counterpart /tch/ seems to be fully utilized: /tce:/ 'tea' vs.
Cases of the affricate only occur in piaza 'piaccia' (I: 8) (IV: 9, 25) (VI: 47); piaze 'piaccia' (I: 16).
The unaspirated, voiceless, alveolar, affricate /ts/ contrasts with the aspirated, voiceless, velar, affricate /tsh/.
All the other phones are transcribed according to Masica's 'Standard Orientalist' transcription (Masica 1991: XV-XVI), including the palatal affricate expressed with < c >.
Organizations like Affricate have utilized the flower to enliven agricultural development in various African nations.
When the noun following the determiner begins with a vowel, a consonant cluster of the form "s + consonant" or "gn," or an affricate, the determiner form is lo (e.