In her introduction to the two sections on monsters and magical marriages, Bushnaq writes: "Tales of magic peopled with Ghouls and Afreets
are distinctly the entertainment of women.
Ghouls (treacherous spirits of changing shape), afreets
(diabolic, evil spirits), and si`la (treacherous spirits of invariable form) constitute classes of jinn.
A recurrent theme in the first two volumes of her text is that they lived in a house haunted by an afreet, a demon.
Poole presents the afreet as a threat to the servants, and thus to Egyptians, while demonizing the Egyptians themselves.
is an enormous winged creature of smoke, either male or female, who lives underground and frequents ruins.