One of the purposes of using diffractive readings is that they make visible the agential
forces of things (in this case especially the digital cameras) as well as the ones performed by humans (in this case especially the children) (Barad, 2007, 2014; Haraway, 1992, 1997).
The progressive and the agential
are not always tied in to technological advancements.
Finally, by focusing on the interplay between the distinctive agential
characteristics of these small actors and the idiosyncratic structural context in which they are acting, our broader empirical contribution involves an explanation of how the pronounced dysfunctions that have bedeviled FIFA are ultimately an outcome of the pathological institutional structures of the organization itself.
His parenthetical, "(the survival of the fittest, no doubt--all the frailer samples dropt, sorted out by death)," draws on the discourse of Spencerian social evolution and circumscribes indigenous peoples--with the exception of those "most wonderful proofs of what Nature can produce"--to the site of inevitable decline and death; indeed, evolution is the agential
figure here who "sorts out" the "frailer samples" rather than the realities of settler colonialism, the conquest of land, and biopolitical imperialism.
In part, I think many of us writing on Shakespeare have been guilty of a rhetorical flourish, or a peroration that makes very large claims indeed for the critical object in hand: Shakespeare as an agential
force; Shakespeare's affective resonance on us; or as a gift of freedom; or as the "apex predator." (37) Shakespeare functions as a type of self-validation for the critic.
Where Tan approaches literature as an agential
and exemplary act of critical resistance to cultural norms, Berlant helps us to see the body as a site where the state's disciplinary techniques register in and through individual actions--which include the composition of imaginative literature.
Historically, resistance has been theorized as political, agential
, and active.
(26) Hegemony (defined both as a structural as well as an agential
concept) is therefore a necessary feature of all modern societies due to the existence of class conflict and the need for social cohesion.
Effectively, this is a denial of political agency, as agential
control is inevitably compromised when a person fails to see herself as an agent.
Put another way, here Gramsci was writing in the spirit of Marx's German Ideology (which it must be remembered was not published until after Gramsci's death) that a body of ideas had to take into account both the material and cultural forms at the level of agential
action (Marx, 1969).
Our critical revisiting also revealed the agential
nature of the children in their intra-actions with materials, the outdoor environment, each other, and their educators.