agnate


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agnate

[′ag‚nāt]
(biology)
Related exclusively through male descent.
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Thus, a variation between two agnate types of construals, such as active versus passive, as in (3)-(6), applies to a group of expressions that are enate.
Instantly, the nine-bedroom country house, set in immaculately main tained grounds, impressed, the former Victorian team agnate's stone building boasting a beauty as ageless as the surrounding St Keyne scenery.
(19) The son is cognate in Roman law to his mother, not agnate as to his father: Dixon 1988, 45, citing Gaius, Inst.
Genealogy is eventually obfuscated and simplified so that even the analyst has to adopt arbitrary criterion of who is really an 'agnate'; for example: 'I list as agnates of Kawelka clans all those whose father's fathers, as far as I can tell, were accepted as group members' (Strathern 1972:94, my emphasis).
Group members are required to guarantee repayment on behalf of each other in case of default, and must exclude the following category of agnate or affine relatives: mother/daughter; sisters; and mother-in-law/daughter-in-law i.e.
The division of an estate follows a two-step process in which the qualifying "sharers" take their Qur'anic entitlements, then the closest surviving agnate inherits whatever remains.(8) For example, if a man dies leaving his wife, one son, two daughters, and two brothers, the wife inherits one-eighth of the estate as a "sharer" and the children inherit the remaining seven-eighths of the estate according to the Qur'anic principle, "the share of a male is equal to that of two females."(9) Thus, the son inherits seven-sixteenths (7/16) of the estate while each daughter inherits seven-thirty-seconds (7/32) of the estate.
He would then change classes and take the remainder as Residuary because he is the agnate relative closest in degree to the deceased, excluding all collaterals.(174)
The chapter on marriage, for instance, covers "marriage," "a woman's guardian," "a woman's father as guardian," "agnate guardians," "the necessity of a guardian," "forbidden degrees" (as they relate to foster relationships established by wet-nursing), "equality" (that is, parity between spouses), "witnesses to a marriage," the "marriage portion," "deferred and immediate payment of the marriage portion," "two types of marriage without a marriage portion," "conditions in a marriage contract," "invalid marriage due to disability or illness," "mut'a marriage," and "marriage with slaves." Such contents are impossible to summarize adequately; suffice it to say that Spectorsky considers not only general areas of agreement but also significant dissenting opinions.
Notably absent is any maintenance obligation between siblings, much less one that involves an individual's wider agnate group ('atsaba).
A few interesting ones not in the above lists: AGNATE / IGNITE, ASTHMA / ISTHMI, BOOTHBAY (ME) / SOOTHSAY, DOWNSIDE / TOWNSITE, ELOPE / SLOPS, FREIHEIT (TX) / FRESHEST, LEGLESS / REGRESS, LINE COULEE (MT) / PINE COUPEE (LA), PIKE LAKE (WI) / PINE LANE (NJ).