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If an adult woman is not a virgin (thayyib), her explicit approval is required whether the guardian is her nearest agnatic or other relative.
It is a system of ten elaborately defined ranks incorporated in a socio-political system of agnatic cohesion with a four cycle marriage structure formalised on matrilineal descent.
Where information has been provided for the sparsely populated lowland areas of inland New Guinea, connubial patterns have been described as localised and involute, whereby contiguous larger communal entities or small agnatic residential units are engaged in cycles of reciprocal exchange of women.
For instance, Qang used this expression specifically in reference to the Sambia he saw in Mw and compared them to his classificatory agnatic brother Ulaqayi.
Inside the fence matrilineal belonging gave way to an agnatic vision suggesting a different kind of togetherness.
Among the Iqwaye-Yagwoia, the group I spent the longest time with, the greatest excess in their recent history (1956) in the domain of intra-village violence was perpetrated by a man who killed during a single night ten of his closest agnatic relatives.
Men, and to a lesser extent women obtained metaphysical power through the performance of difficult rituals involving those kin who safeguarded the blood of agnatic members of ancestral sites, linked to them by the women who, as 'roads', carried it forth and whose descendants returned it to its rightful place when claimed as wives.
They didn't have agnatic descent groups, and they didn't have patrilocal residence.
Just as pigs may substitute for persons in exchange (Nihill 1996a), then this identification symbolically conveys that those that do not share marsupials effectively do not share ancestors and thus are not truly one agnatic group.
One of the key cultural differences between the Ipili and Enga is that the former are considered to be a cognatic society (Biersack 1995), while the latter are agnatic (Meggitt 1965; but see Jacka 2002 for a more detailed analysis).
In the absence of the father, this obligation falls to the agnatic kin.
So, they are more dominant and agnatic as compared to women.