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(ăg`ərə) [Gr.,=market], in ancient Greece, the public square or marketplace of a city. In early Greek history the agora was primarily used as a place for public assembly; later it functioned mainly as a center of commerce. Usually in a readily accessible part of the city, it was often surrounded by the public buildings, such as the royal palace, the law courts, the assembly house, and the jail. A favorite architectural device was the colonnade surrounding the agora. One of the highest honors was to be granted a tomb in the agora. The agora was similar to the Roman forumforum,
market and meeting place in ancient Roman towns in Italy and later in the provinces, corresponding to the Greek agora. By extension the word forum often indicates the meeting itself in modern usage.
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An open public meeting place for assembly surrounded by public buildings, or a marketplace in an ancient Greek city; the Roman forum is a typical example.


agora: plan of the agora of Antiphellus
The chief meeting place or marketplace in an ancient Greek city.


References in periodicals archive ?
Stuart Umpleby felt that the purposes of the New Agoras Project, as described in Fuschl in April 2002, were very similar to the work that the Institute of Cultural Affairs (ICA) undertook beginning in the 1970s (Umpleby and Oyler, 2003).
Below is a list of links to groups and resources that seem particularly promising for the New Agoras Project.
The Institute for 21st Century Agoras was established to support and follow up the meeting of the ISSS in Crete in July 2003.
The team discussed a variety of other literature and schools of thought that seemed to be related to the New Agoras Project.
Another three options if acted upon can significantly help in addressing the other deep driving challenge, number 30: The necessity of an infrastructure to support the construction of global agoras.
The results of the workshop on constructing agoras of the global village were mixed.
And a second influential question was: 'How can we provide an infrastructure to encourage development of agoras of the global village?
Of course, this whole endeavour needs a special coordination team for every agora, which has also to be trained in its important jobs and tasks.
The design of different types of observatoriums would require a powerful creativity and could bring a lot of joy to the designers and to the people involved in an agora.
Banathy (2000a), in his work with conscious, self-guided evolution, has advanced the idea of New Agoras as public spheres for intentional public discourse, a democratic dialogue that would catalyze social actions focused on guided evolution of society, and our species: Homo sapiens sapiens.
People of the New Agoras will organize their lives and build institutions that reflect the core ideas of democracy.
Participants in the Agora Project collectively conjoin to establish new public spheres that can sustain a meaningful actionable design dialogue among individuals within and across New Agoras.