Agreement

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Agreement

 

(also called concord). (1) The correspondence between the grammatical form of a noun (or the noun’s membership in a specific syntactic class) and the grammatical form of a word, generally an adjective or verb, connected with the noun in a sentence. Agreement in a grammatical category means that a change in a noun’s grammatical sense causes (although only in some cases) a change in the words connected with the noun. In Russian, agreement exists according to case (seryi volk, “gray wolf”-serogo volka, “of the gray wolf”), number (seryi volk-serye volki, “gray wolves”; volk voet, “the wolf howls”-vo/A:¡ voiut, “the wolves howl”), and gender (seryi volk-seraia sobaka, “gray dog” [feminine]; volk vyl, “the wolf hovf\ed”-sobaka vyla, “the dog howled”).

Grammatical descriptions of languages generally represent agreement as a correspondence between the grammatical meanings (or between such elements as case, number, and gender) of a noun and of the words connected with the noun. However, agreement may be defined in other ways. For example, in standard Estonian grammar, when a noun is in the comitative case the modifying adjective must be in the genitive case.

Agreement is a means of expressing a syntactic bond, which may be direct (seryi volk) or indirect (dom, v kotorom my zhivem, “the house in which we live”; sestra ushla, skazavshis’ bol’noi, “sister left, saying she was ill”). Agreement is well developed in inflected languages and, to a lesser extent, in agglutinative languages. It is absent in amorphous languages.

(2) A direct syntactic bond between the words in a phrase, expressed by means of agreement in the first meaning of the term, generally in combination with work order and intonation. An example is the bond within the word group seryi volk.

A. A. ZALIZNIAK

agreement

1. A meeting of minds.
2. A legally enforceable promise or promises between two or among several persons.
3. On a construction project, the document stating the essential terms of the construction contract which incorporates by reference the other contract documents.
4. The document setting forth the terms of the contract between the architect and owner or between the architect and a consultant.
5. An arrangement indicating the intent of a contract but not necessarily fulfilling all the enforceable provisions of it. Also see agreement form, contract.
References in periodicals archive ?
Standard agreements cede the owner's authority to the architect, as the owner's representative, to direct the work, withhold payment to the contractor for defective or deficient work, and authorize change orders.
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Outsourcing or service-level agreements are becoming as ubiquitous as the personal computer for many businesses, says Denis Castonguay, e-business specialist for e-Sudbury.
Issuing a revenue procedure to carve out specific types of nondisclosure agreements (NDAs) from the confidential transaction category of the reportable transaction regulations.
Recognition of arbitration as a means to resolve disputes dates back to 1925, when the United States Congress passed the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA) to provide a mechanism for individuals and entities to sue in federal court to enforce arbitration agreements.
A guide for selling trade agreements to a wary American public.
Moreover, the United States government will argue that these are not international treaties or agreements within the meaning of United States constitutional law.
Department of State has proposed the usage of blanket end-user agreements to help remedy the lengthy third party approval process.

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