ailanthus


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Related to ailanthus: genus Ailanthus

ailanthus

(ālăn`thəs), any tree of the genus Ailanthus, native to the warm regions of Asia and Australia. Ailanthus wood is sometimes used for cabinetmaking and for the manufacture of charcoal. The leaves are a source of food for silkworms, and the bark and leaves are used medicinally. Females of a species called tree of heaven, native to China, are widely grown in European and American cities because of their attractive foliage and their resistance to smoke and soot; the male flowers, however, have a disagreeable odor. Ailanthus is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Simaroubaceae.

Ailanthus

 

a genus of trees of the family Sim-aroubaceae. The leaves are alternating, intricate, and nonparipinnate. The blossoms are small and contained in paniculate racemes. There are about ten species in southern and eastern Asia and in Australia. In the USSR three species are cultivated, including the Ailanthus altissima, or the Chinese ash. It is a fast-growing tree cultivated in the European USSR (primarily in the southern Ukraine), in the Caucasus, and in Middle Asia. It grows well even on dry and stony soils. The wood is used for construction, woodwork, paper production, and fuel. In China, ailanthus leaves are fed to caterpillars of the ailanthus silkworm.

REFERENCE

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow and Leningrad, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
Relatively few Asian trees were available for planting when the first edition of Downing's Landscape Gardening book came out in 1841, including: Ailanthus altissima, Broussonetia papyrifera, Ginkgo biloba, Gleditsia sinensis, Magnolia denudata and liliflora (and their hybrid, x soulangeana), Morus alba, Platycladus orientalis and Salix babylonica.
Moreover a strong threat is represented by alien species that occupy considerable surfaces, especially Opuntia ficusindica (1534 [m.sup.2], 6%) and Ailanthus altissima (590 [m.sup.2], 2%).
It represents the ground that nourished the ailanthus tree feeding Francie Nolan's aspirations of middle-class respectability in A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, as well as the Williamsburg of Henry Miller's boyhood, described as "the only tooth left in a rotten jaw" (25).
Again, it's possible to hear that rhythm if one listens, "in the nursery bedroom, / In the rank ailanthus of the April dooryard / In the smell of grapes on the autumn table / And the evening circle in the winter gaslight."
The effects of the invasive Ailanthus altissima on root morphology and rhizobial infection of Albizia julibrissin.
The old neo-classical hulk had been neglected for so many decades that mature ailanthus trees were growing out of the parapets.
the ailanthus as I step out onto the window ledge the tracks below me
Ailanthus altissima's Impact on Abundance of Transcripts Linked to Nodule Formation in Trifolium pratense.
Fredericksen, Todd S., Thurman, M., Fiore, J.D., and Evans, Dave "Comparison of method and season of application for control of the invasive tree species Ailanthus altissima in Virginia, USA" in Invasive Species: Detection, Impact, and Control C.
The house itself is described as sitting at the top of the tended pathway "as the carven ailanthus leaves are the Greek column's capital" (289)--a deft parallel here to the grandeur of the plantation's iconic Greek Revival big house.