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(1) Among the Kirghiz and Altai peoples in the past, a nomadic or seminomadic settlement which usually included kinfolk of varying degrees of relationship. Among the Altai the term “ail” also referred to a separate dwelling (a yurt or a hut) with a farm.
(2) Among the Mongol peoples, a nomadic family group.
(3) In the Kirghiz SSR, a rural administrative territorial unit. Accordingly, village councils of the Kirghiz SSR are referred to as ail and village soviets of working people’s deputies.