air embolism


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Related to air embolism: pulmonary embolism

air embolism:

see embolusembolus
, foreign matter circulating in and obstructing a blood vessel. It may be a portion of a clot that has separated from the wall of a vessel (see thrombosis), a bubble of gas or air (known as an air embolus), a globule of fat, a clump of bacterial matter, or a clump of
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air embolism

[¦er ′em·bə‚liz·əm]
(medicine)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Percutaneous cardiopulmonary support to treat suspected venous air embolism with cardiac arrest during open eye surgery: A case report.
Malt, "Fatal Paradoxical Air Embolism to the Brain: Complication of Central Venous Catherization," Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, vol.
Treatment of cerebral air embolism follows similar guidelines for other air embolus syndromes: immediate discontinuation of hemodialysis procedures, 100% oxygen, and supportive care.
Moreover, bleeding can induce coughs, which increase the intrabronchial pressure, leading to air embolism.
Cranial computed tomography, which was performed due to impaired consciousness, demonstrated cerebral air embolism with the appearance of a gyriform pattern.
The authors of this study in Turkey used the MEDLINE database to identify nine patients and one locally presented case who had experienced air embolism following dialysis central vein catheter (CVC) removal.
However, there have been reports of death due to complications such as mediastinitis, pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade, cardiac failure, and air embolism [21,22].
Studies show that the rate of venous air embolism during central venous catheter manipulation is 0.13%, while during neurosurgical procedures the rate is 10-80%.
Although uncommon, air embolism is a life threatening complication.
Severe air embolism occurs in 0.003% to 0.007% cases of cardiac bypass surgeries.