- a complication of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy.
Percutaneous cardiopulmonary support to treat suspected venous air embolism
with cardiac arrest during open eye surgery: A case report.
is a rarely diagnosed but potentially life-threatening complication of central venous catheterization.
Malt, "Fatal Paradoxical Air Embolism
to the Brain: Complication of Central Venous Catherization," Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, vol.
Treatment of cerebral air embolism
follows similar guidelines for other air embolus syndromes: immediate discontinuation of hemodialysis procedures, 100% oxygen, and supportive care.
Moreover, bleeding can induce coughs, which increase the intrabronchial pressure, leading to air embolism
Cranial computed tomography, which was performed due to impaired consciousness, demonstrated cerebral air embolism
with the appearance of a gyriform pattern.
The authors of this study in Turkey used the MEDLINE database to identify nine patients and one locally presented case who had experienced air embolism
following dialysis central vein catheter (CVC) removal.
However, there have been reports of death due to complications such as mediastinitis, pneumothorax, cardiac tamponade, cardiac failure, and air embolism
Studies show that the rate of venous air embolism
during central venous catheter manipulation is 0.13%, while during neurosurgical procedures the rate is 10-80%.
Although uncommon, air embolism
is a life threatening complication.
Severe air embolism
occurs in 0.003% to 0.007% cases of cardiac bypass surgeries.