Tracheal endoscopy revealed an obstruction of approximately 90% of the tracheal lumen, in addition to mild suspected aspergillosis of the air sacs
fumigatus was isolated from trachea, lung, air sacs
and liver in all birds in the group (2) and could not be isolated from other groups (Table 1).
Overall, there is considerable inter- and, in part, intraspecific variation in air sac
anatomy and the pneumatization of bones.
Histologically, within the air sacs
and the air sac
walls, multiple longitudinal and cross sections of adult male and female nematodes were observed.
To find out how having an air sac
changed the sounds produced, Dr de Boer created plastic models of the mouth, tongue and throat and forced air down them to produce different vowel sounds.
Additionally, administration of amphotericin B, as a nebulization agent, often is recommended, especially for cases with significant air sac
They introduced a variety of nano-scaled particles (a nanometer is one-billionth of a meter) into the air sac
The next morning, a tracheoscopy was performed on the duck while it was under general anesthesia as described above; however, the gas anesthetic agent was administered via the air sac
cannula after face mask induction.
The opening above the eye was produced by an air sac
within the skull that removed bone where it was not needed," said Carr.
Key words: synovial sarcoma, fracture-associated sarcoma, intramedullary pin, air sac
metastasis, avian, lovebird, Agapornis roseicollis
Neoplasms reported in this area include lymphosarcoma, thyroid carcinoma or adenoma, thymoma, myelolipoma, undifferentiated spindle cell sarcoma, and air sac