Gill, R G., 2014: Objective verification of World Area Forecast Centre clear air turbulence
Clear Air Turbulence
(CAT) is the most common form, usually experienced when transiting a fast-moving jet stream into more sedate air.
The rough winds can be caused when a mountain or large man-made structure pushes air up from below, when a pilot moves from one course of airflow to another (like crossing into a jet stream to take advantage of fast winds), or when warm air rises through cooler air Turbulence
can also be affected by seasonal weather patterns.
There are many different reasons turbulence happens, but the most common is CAT, which stands for Clear Air Turbulence
. Jet streams in the air that essentially control the flow of travel like water in a riverbank when ends or interacts with air that's moving slower, it can cause turbulence.
According to the media personnel on board the flight accompanying the national team delegation, the plane went through severe air turbulence
for 20 minutes, leaving people on board in panic.
The JAXA LIDAR technology offers the potential to accurately measure winds as much as 17.5 kilometers in front of airplanes and provide pilots with sufficient time to take appropriate action to avoid wind shear and clear air turbulence
, which does not have any visual cues such as clouds.
In all cases a duct fitting or series of duct fittings were generating air turbulence
. The turbulent airflow fittings are abbreviated as TAFs in this article.
According to Philippine Airlines (PAL) spokesperson Cielo Villaluna, PAL flight PR 1103 from Los Angeles, which had 248 passengers on board, experienced clear air turbulence
at 6:21 a.m.
My air turbulence
fears A PLANE passenger said he feared for his life as a transatlantic jet dropped in severe turbulence, injuring 16 people on board.
Abu Dhabi: A specialist team from Etihad Airways has met the nine passengers who were hospitalised after an Etihad Airways plane encountered severe and unexpected clear air turbulence
on Wednesday, the airline said on Thursday.
Clear air turbulence
is a normal phenomenon experienced worldwide in aviation industry, he said.