Get 100 Page of Free Sample Report from Here -- https://www.factmr.com/connectus/sample?flag=S&rep_id=1259 Air flow sensors, as considered under the scope of the report, are used to measure air or air-fuel ratio
. They are available in various configuration, such as digital and analog, for various end use industries ranging from automotive, aerospace, and healthcare to building automation.
Gas analysers are used in plants to obtain data on oxygen and carbon monoxide gas concentrations that are needed to optimise the air-fuel ratio
, thereby reducing energy consumption and helping to ensure safety and compliance with environmental regulations.
An increase in the lean limit of air-fuel ratio
(up to 25) with stable combustion was reported with the help of an ultrasonic atomizer which reduced the mean droplet size to 40 [micro]m.
Air-fuel ratios--Check the air-fuel ratio
on a scheduled basis.
Particularly, intake air pressure, air-fuel ratio
and EGR have a significant impact on LSPI.
AFR cylinder imbalance is an engine failure condition where the air-fuel ratio
in one or more cylinders is different than the other cylinders due to a cylinder specific malfunction.
Software strategies to regulate air-fuel ratio
are widely used during transient maneuvers and these strategies are proven to be effective for the reduction of transient soot emissions .
Emissions may be adjusted with parameter [lambda] (real air-fuel ratio
/ stoichiometric air-fuel ratio
), which was done in this case .
The results like TFC, SFC, Thermal efficiency, and air-fuel ratio
show without much difference when comparing between with and without absorption system.
Topics include a mathematical model for gasoline engines, speed control, air-fuel ratio
, receding horizon optimal control, balancing control, residual gas and stochastic control, and benchmark problems for control and modeling of gasoline engines.
The stoichiometric air-fuel ratio
of the test fuel was estimated to be 7.23:1 on mass basis assuming 100% combustion of the castor oil.