air-supported structure

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pneumatic structure

A very lightweight enclosed structure, usually fabricated of a membrane of an impervious material and supported by the difference in air pressure between the exterior and the interior of the structure rather than by a structural framework. Fans must maintain the interior pressure slightly in excess of normal atmospheric pressure to prevent the structure from slowly deflating and collapsing. Used primarily as a temporary enclosure or to house sports facilities such as tennis courts and swimming pools. Also called an air-supported structure.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
[] After use, the air-supported structure can be taken down, decontaminated, and repackaged for shipment, storage, and reuse.
Air-supported structures could fill this need and have several advantages:
[] At $15 per square foot for construction and erection, air-supported structures would cost approximately 80 percent less than conventional, permanent structures.
[] Military-owned and -warehoused air-supported structures can be ordered and received in as little as 6 weeks.
This edition includes the application of new ground snow load tables for Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Oregon, and Washington; new research from Norway and Japan on the probability of snow sliding off roofs; current concepts about how snow density changes over a winter season; snow loads on air-supported structures; updated provisions for nonbuilding structures, including open-frame equipment structures, pipes, and cable trays; and calculation of snow loads on process piping.
We've tried domes and air-supported structures, but they don't always make economic sense."
Many air-supported structures feature a translucent white fabric, which allows natural day lighting to help illuminate the interior.
At the same time, 1978, a research department set up by Happold at the University of Bath, began to investigate properties and structural behaviour of lightweight and air-supported structures. The research, together with experience in applying ideas to actual buildings, led to TENSYL, a computer program which analyzed the geometry of lightweight structures, developed load analysis and produced cutting patterns.