The author has thus brought the fundamental problem of the unity of geometry to this logico-philosophical discipline of the analysis and the synthesis, inaugurating in this way an entire tradition that can be traced throughout the tenth century all the way to the algebraist al-
Samawbal in the twelfth century.
While besieging the tribal chieftain Zahir al-
' Umar at the fortress of Tiberius (1743), Sulayman Pasha al-
' Azm received an offer of a large sum of money if he would only lift the siege and go home.
 As for Hizb alTahrir, several Iraqis participated in it in Jerusalem including Shi'i members such as 'Abd al-
'Aziz al-Badri and 'Arif al-Basri, as well as Muhammad Hadi al-Subayti, who turned out to be one of the leading figures in the early stages of al-Da'wa.
The Qur'anic exhortation to reflect on the ubiquitous signs of God (al-Baqarah: 164; Yunus: 6, 101; al-
'Ankabut: 20; al-Jathiah: 3-5; and passim) has not lost its force.
Ghazoul, "Al-Riwaiya al-Sufiyya Fi al-Adab al-
Maghribi," [The Sufi Novel In the Maghrib] ALIF, 17(1997), pp.28-53.
For about thirty years, between 1930 and 1961, he issued or edited twelve newspapers beginning with al-Furat (The Euphrates), 1930, and concluding with al-Ra'y al-
'Amm (Public Opinion), 1961.
After a revisionist glimpse back to the Arab historical past, in which historical figures such as 'Amr ibn al-
'As, Abu Sufyan, the caliph Uthman, and others are condemned for having 'uglified' the face of Arab history, and undermined its noble spirit, al-Nawwab switches back abruptly to enticing and passionate images of 'true' Arabdom in Watariyyat Layliyya.
In the preface to his selected plays published in 1981, al-Ani explains his choice of the al-
'Amia (colloquial) over the fusha by saying that he considered the dialect essential and integral to the characters and their credibility, for "the theater which [he] started was a popular theater, addressing the simple folk and reflecting their lives."(8) Perhaps for the same reason, his desire to give shape to a people's theater to which the simple folk would relate and patronize, his early plays featured protagonists from the downtrodden.
Ma shifit kull al-
'umr qateel issalli 'ala al-qatil (Never in my life did I see a murderer praying over the murdered)
A major aspect of Yusuf's poetry that has been touched upon, but not sufficiently explored, by critics is his remarkable blend of standard Arabic (al-Lugha al-Fusha) with the Iraqi vernacular (al-Lahja al-
Husayn Fawzi, the chief of staff, Amin al-
'Umari and 'Aziz Yamulki objected to the inclusion of Nuri and his ally Taha al-Hashimi in the Cabinet, and to prove to the regent the seriousness of their message they put their troops on alert.
In the 1940s, Shaykh Hasan al-Banna, the founder and first General Guide (al-Murshid al-
'Am) of the Muslim Brotherhood, joined a group aimed at bridging the gap between Sunnism and Shiism as a means to achieve doctrinal unity among Muslims.