Ghazali, al-

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Ghazali, al-

(ăl-găzä`lē), 1058–1111, Islamic theologian, philosopher, and mystic. He was born at Tus in Khorasan, of Persian origin. He is considered the greatest theologian in Islam. Al-Ghazali was appointed professor at Baghdad in 1091, but following a spiritual crisis in 1095 he abandoned his career to become a mystic (see SufismSufism
, an umbrella term for the ascetic and mystical movements within Islam. While Sufism is said to have incorporated elements of Christian monasticism, gnosticism, and Indian mysticism, its origins are traced to forms of devotion and groups of penitents (zuhhad
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). After ten years of wandering he settled down to teach in accordance with his new mystical insights, which he formulated very closely to orthodox Islam. Al-Ghazali was the author of several important works; his Destruction of the Philosophers, written just prior to his spiritual crisis, opposes the philosophical method of approaching metaphysics when it contradicts orthodox theology. That position had a great influence on the future of speculative thought in Islam. Al-Ghazali's chief work, The Revival of the Religious Sciences, outlines a complete and orthodox system of the mystical attainment of unity with God. Al-Ghazali is most important for his attempt to reconcile mysticism with orthodox Islam. He was well known in medieval Europe by his Latin name, Algazel.
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In his famous book Kimiya-e Sa'dat, Imam al-Ghazzali (r) tells the story of a certain Shaykh [Junayd al-Baghdadi (r)] who favored one of his disciples over others because of the latter's God-consciousness.
Imam Al-Ghazzali, regards the first duty of a teacher to accept the child unconditionally as his own.
As Abd al-Hamid al-Ghazzali claimed, interest (riba) makes the economy susceptible to various diseases.
39] al-Ghazzali AH Emotional Religion in Islam as Affected by Music and Singing transl.
It is suffice here to evoke a few glorious names without contemporary equivalents in the West: Jabir Ibn Haiyan, al-Kindi, al-Khwarizmi, al-Farghani, al-Razi, Thabit ibn Qurra, al-Battani, Hunain ibn Ishaq, al-Farabi, Ibrahim ibn Sinan, al-Masudi, al-Tarabi, Abu ibn Wafa, Ali ibn Abbas, Abu-l-Qasim, Ibn al-Jazzar, al-Biruni, Ibn Sina, Ibn Yunus, al-Karkhi, Ibn al-Haitham, Ali ibn Isa, al-Ghazzali, al-Zarqali, Omar Khayyam
See Abu Hamid al-Ghazzali, al-Hikmat fi makhluqat Allah, ed.
The Influence of Ibn Sina on al-Ghazzali in Qur'anic Hermeneutics" [390-411]
A section of the book is devoted for legal opinions regarding the sanctity of roads and abolition of road blockages with statements quoted from various Sunni and Shiite clergymen such as Sheikh Ibn Al-Qassim, Ibn Rushd, Al-Mawardi, Imam Al-Ghazzali, Imama Malik, Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal, Al-Hilli, Sheikh Yusuf Al-Bahrani, S.
Meanwhile, rationalism has to be part of the salvation agenda, in the path blazed, it is claimed, by Islam's greatest scholarly figure, Abu Hamid al-Ghazzali, b 1058.
Es de destacar el celebre "ciclo del pajaro" de Ibn Siina (980-1037), del hermano mayor de los al-Ghazzali o del iluminado persa, ejecutado por herejia, Sihab al-Din Suhrawardi (1153/5-1191), que llego a su esplendor con la figura del "Simurg" del poeta Attar en su obra Mantiq al-tair (La lengua de los pajaros), que representa al rey de los pajaros y el origen en donde se funde la unidad de la diversidad para Lopez-Baralt (1997: 75-80).
Once he said to his disciples that all the four schools of fiqh have some distinctions: Hanafites have a monumental book like Hidaya which others do not have, Shafites have a scholar like Abu Hamid Muhammad al-Ghazzali (b.
It played itself out until approximately the end of the 11th century when a more or less authoritative and final perspective was formulated for Sunni Islam by the most famous Sunni Muslim thinker, al-Ghazzali.