albino

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Related to albinos: albinism

albino

(ălbī`nō) [Port.,=white], animal or plant lacking normal pigmentation. The absence of pigment is observed in the body covering (skin, hair, and feathers) and in the iris of the eye. The blood vessels of the retina show through the iris, giving it a pink or reddish color, and the eyes are highly sensitive to light. Albinism is inherited as a Mendelian recessive character (see MendelMendel, Gregor Johann
, 1822–84, Austrian monk noted for his experimental work on heredity. He entered the Augustinian monastery in Brno in 1843, taught at a local secondary school, and carried out independent scientific investigations on garden peas and other plants until
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; geneticsgenetics,
scientific study of the mechanism of heredity. While Gregor Mendel first presented his findings on the statistical laws governing the transmission of certain traits from generation to generation in 1856, it was not until the discovery and detailed study of the
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) in humans and other animals. Through experimental breeding, races of albinos have been established among some domestic animals, e.g., mice, rabbits, pigeons, and chickens. Albino animals are sometimes held sacred, for example, white elephants in Thailand and white cattle in India. The presence of an excess of black pigment is called melanism.

albino

[al′bī·nō]
(biology)
A human or animal with a congenital deficiency of pigment in the skin, hair, and eyes.
(botany)
An abnormal plant with colorless chromatophores.

albino

1. a person with congenital absence of pigmentation in the skin, eyes, and hair
2. any animal or plant that is deficient in pigment
References in periodicals archive ?
The teenager was found dead late Saturday in the northwest of the country along the Rusizi river separating Burundi from the DR Congo, not far from his home village."The young albino was killed atrociously.
It's an albino hedgehog.' "I quickly got my phone out and zoomed in to take a few photos which sadly aren't the best quality.
'In spite of the Malawian government's promise to tackle the problem, few suspected of crimes against albinos are successfully prosecuted in court,' rights groups say.
Both victims had dedicated their lives to defending African albinos from persecution, human trafficking, and murder.
Lugola did not say whether the missing children were albinos.
He encouraged people to change their attitude towards albinos and educate themselves on their needs and challenges.
Albino United FC was launched to show the world that albinos are like everyone else and they wanted to spread the message by example.
The percentages of isolated normally colored locusts and isolated albinos with seven eye stripes are shown in Tables 2 and 4, respectively.
Traditional healers in Tanzania--sometimes called witch doctors--are believed to turn Albino body parts into charms which would bring luck and wealth.
"We talk about protecting wildlife while not even prioritizing efforts in protecting people with albinism," she told (http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFKCN0XR05L) Reuters , adding that albinos are "an endangered people group facing a risk of systemic extinction over time if nothing is done."
Full or true albinos are caused by a genetic mutation that does not allow the animal to produce melanin.