alcalde


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alcalde

(ălkăl`dē, Span. älkäl`dā) [Span., from Arab.,=the judge], Spanish official title, in existence at least from the 11th cent. Since the late 19th cent. it has been used for the mayor of a town or village who also acts as justice of the peace. Originally, however, it designated a judge whose scope of jurisdiction varied and who had administrative functions as well. There were, for example, alcaldes de la hermandad (judges attached to the tribunals of the town federations formed to assure public order and safety; see hermandadhermandad
[Span.,=brotherhood], a peacekeeping association of armed individuals, a characteristic of municipal life in medieval Spain, especially in Castile. Hermandades are known to have existed as early as the 12th cent.
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) and alcaldes de corte (judges whose jurisdiction extended over the royal residence and the surrounding area). The alcaldes were distinguished from the regidores, whose functions were primarily administrative. In the 14th cent. the corregidores, royal appointees charged with assisting the regidores in their duties, encroached upon the judicial functions of the alcaldes, depriving them of all but minor civil and criminal jurisdiction. Moreover, alcaldes were increasingly chosen by the crown, with only a few towns keeping the right to choose their own alcaldes (these being known thereafter as alcaldes ordinarios). Since the corregidores were often inadequately versed in law, each usually received advice from two trained lawyers, termed alcaldes mayores, who specialized in criminal and civil law, respectively. The office was also instituted in the Spanish colonies, but changed its character. There the alcalde mayor was the administrator of a provincial division usually smaller than that of a corregidor; he also presided over the town ayuntamiento (later known as the cabildocabildo
, autonomous municipal council, the lowest administrative unit in the Spanish government. The institution was especially influential in Spanish America, where it was set up in the early 16th cent.
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). The alcalde ordinario was an elected municipal officer who frequently exercised the powers of mayor and sheriff and was in some villages the sole representative of the law.
References in periodicals archive ?
Al juzgar una disputa entre tributarios de Sipesipe y Tapacari, es notable que el alcalde de Sipesipe fallase a favor de Pongo, tributario de Tapacari, al menos en el caso de las tres llamas.
Esas inversiones no son municipales y no dependen de las decisiones del alcalde, pero si se pueden promover alianzas publico-privadas.
Crews extinguished one fire at an abandoned home off East First Street only to return less than two weeks later to watch another fire cause significant damage to the structure, Alcalde said.
El alcalde muestra los multiples angulos de Fernandez: la figura pierde "sentido" pero es fascinante.
Sin embargo, si en realidad los disturbios se organizaron con antelacion como creian el alcalde mayor y el obispo Alvarez, el repique de las campanas para la visita bien podria haber sido una senal para que los revoltosos se acercaran al centro de la ciudad.
Volvio a hablar del ex alcalde y me dijo: <<Ha desaparecido los documentos de la asociacion, por eso ahora estamos nuevamente presentando los nombres de todas la companeras>>.
Parnes expressed his gratitude to Alcalde for his contributions to the bank and said he was confident that Irarrazaval would help continue Deutsche Bank's successful development in Chile.
Mark Johnston's Alcalde shoulders top-weight in the pounds 16,000 Buttonhook Stakes, which has been brought forward from September.
El segundo capitulo de Alcalde se ocupa de estudiar la imagen de la mujer que recrea la novelista, la cual habilmente disena ficciones cuyas protagonistas operan como referentes de su propia labor literaria.
Ademas, se utilizara el porcentaje de votos obtenidos por el alcalde elegido sobre el total de votos del municipio (pvotalcal) como un indicador del respaldo de los ciudadanos a su alcalde.
Varias semanas despues llega via telegrafica la respuesta del Alcalde Municipal de Macho de Agua a sus superiores:
Un corregidor, junto con su alcalde mayor o teniente de corregidor, residiran en la capital del partido; es decir Manresa.