audit

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audit

[′ȯd·ət]
(computer science)
The operations developed to corroborate the evidence as regards authenticity and validity of the data that are introduced into the data-processing problem or system.

audit

a process in which the performance of organizations is monitored by independent agencies. Compared with direct observation and control of behaviour (see SURVEILLANCE), audit usually does its work by an examination of the records of the processes and/or outcomes of organizational activity Audits are a prominent part of what has been termed the ‘new governance’ in contemporary advanced societies. As well as the more familiar financial audits of business organizations, there are today organizational audits of hospitals, schools and universities as well as environmental audits. See also AUDIT SOCIETY.

Audit

 

a check of the business and financial activity of enterprises, organizations, institutions, or individual officials for a certain period of time; one of the forms of subsequent review.

In the USSR all state and cooperative enterprises are audited. The audit is generally conducted once a year; organizations that do not directly conduct business operations must be audited at least once every two years. When necessary an audit may be made at any time (surprise audit). Audits are included in the functions of agencies of state control and intradepartmental control agencies. They were instituted by the Apr. 15, 1936, decree of the Soviet of Peoples’ Commissars of the USSR entitled Intradepartmental Financial Control and Auditing of Institutions, Enterprises, Economic Organizations, and Construction Projects.

The purposes and general procedure of the audit are regulated by governmental resolutions and departmental instructions. The primary purposes of the audit are to check fulfillment of state plans; check the legality of economic transactions and compliance with financial and estimate discipline; monitor the security of socialist property; check the correctness of bookkeeping records and the quality of documentary records underlying bookkeeping entries; and check the correctness of materials accounting in storage business. Auditing helps uncover abuses, unused reserves, and losses owing to unproductive use of time and identifies positive experience in the work of the organizations being audited, thus promoting stronger business accountability and economy measures.

audit

(1) A formal examination by certified auditors of systems, programming, operations and security to determine compliance with internal policies and procedures or with external standards. An audit is often used to satisfy legal requirements of regulatory agencies and laws. See assessment, COBIT, COSO, ISO/IEC 27000, SAS 70 and SSAE 16.

(2) An examination of systems, programming and datacenter procedures in order to determine the efficiency of computer operations.
References in periodicals archive ?
Donovan, "Confirmatory factor analyses of the Alcohol use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) among adolescents treated in emergency departments," Journal of Studies on Alcohol, vol.
The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) as a screening instrument for adolescents.
The mean Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test score was 19; the mean Mental Health Index score was 7.
Among 9,279 respondents to a nationwide telephone survey conducted in 1997-1998, 2.7% (252) reported regular use of prescribed opioids "at least several times a week for a month or more." All respondents were assessed for common psychiatric disorders with the World Health Organization's Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and for substance abuse via an adaptation of the CIDI for drugs and Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) for alcohol.
FIGURE 1 THE ALCOHOL USE DISORDERS IDENTIFICATION TEST (AUDIT) 1.
An alternative screening method is to give the written questionnaire AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) to patients prior to a physical examination.
The patients, when stabilized, were administered three psychological screening instruments aimed at assessing the severity of their drinking behavior and willingness to change that behavior the CAGE questionnaire, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), and a short form of the Stages of Change test.

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