Humphrey, "Preventing Alcohol-Related Birth Defects
," UPI, 12 December 1982, LNOS.
An important strategy for preventing alcohol-related birth defects
is the development of better screening techniques to identify women at high risk for heavy alcohol consumption throughout their pregnancy.
Conversely, if a woman, even an alcoholic one, stops drinking before becoming pregnant, her fetus will not develop FAS or any alcohol-related birth defects
. The safest course for women who are pregnant or considering becoming pregnant is not to drink at all.
Tom Frederick, co-owner of the bar said that sparing even one unborn child from alcohol-related birth defects
or developmental disabilities makes the effort worthwhile.
Alcohol dehydrogenase-2*3 allele protects against alcohol-related birth defects
among African Americans.
Moreover, children of mothers with this allele are less vulnerable to alcohol-related birth defects
. The enzyme ALDH1 also is encoded by several alleles.
KEY WORDS: Ethanol metabolism; ethanol clearance; pregnancy; maternal alcohol exposure; fetal alcohol effects; fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD); alcohol-related birth defects
(ARBD); nutrition; total enteral nutrition (TEN); maternal nutrition; genetic factors
A woman drinking alcohol at any time during her pregnancy, even during the earliest weeks, increases the risk of her fetus developing alcohol-related birth defects
(see the textbox) (Office of the Surgeon General 2005).
Similarly, in the study of pregnant, inner-city African American women, only the lighter drinkers who were less at risk of having children with alcohol-related birth defects
heeded warning labels (Hankin et al.
Alcohol related effects can be further subdivided into alcohol-related birth defects
(ARBD) and alcohol-related neuro-developmental disorder (ARND).