aldehyde


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Related to aldehyde: Aldehyde dehydrogenase

aldehyde

(ăl`dəhīd) [alcohol + New Lat. dehydrogenatus=dehydrogenated], any of a class of organic compounds that contain the carbonyl groupcarbonyl group
, in chemistry, functional group that consists of an oxygen atom joined by a double bond to a carbon atom. The carbon atom is joined to the remainder of the molecule by two single bonds or one double bond.
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, , and in which the carbonyl group is bonded to at least one hydrogen; the general formula for an aldehyde is RCHO, where R is hydrogen or an alkyl or aryl group. Aldehydes are formed by partial oxidation of primary alcohols and form carboxylic acids when they are further oxidized. The common name for an aldehyde is often derived from the name of the acid it forms; the IUPAC name is usually derived from the name of the alcohol from which it is formed. Low molecular weight aldehydes, e.g., formaldehydeformaldehyde
, HCHO, the simplest aldehyde. It melts at −92°C;, boils at −21°C;, and is soluble in water, alcohol, and ether; at STP, it is a flammable, poisonous, colorless gas with a suffocating odor.
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 and acetaldehydeacetaldehyde
or ethanal
, CH3CHO, colorless liquid aldehyde, sometimes simply called aldehyde. It melts at −123°C;, boils at 20.8°C;, and is soluble in water and ethanol.
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, have sharp, unpleasant odors; higher molecular weight aldehydes, e.g., benzaldehydebenzaldehyde
or benzenecarbonal
, C6H5CHO, colorless liquid aldehyde with a characteristic almond odor. It boils at 180°C;, is soluble in ethanol, but is insoluble in water.
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 and furfuralfurfural
or furfuraldehyde
[Lat.,=bran], C4H3OCHO, viscous, colorless liquid that has a pleasant aromatic odor; upon exposure to air it turns dark brown or black. It boils at about 160°C;.
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, have pleasant, often flowery, odors and are found in the essential oilsessential oils,
volatile oils that occur in plants and in general give to the plants their characteristic odors, flavors, or other such properties. Essential oils are found in various parts of the plant body (in the seeds, flowers, bark, or leaves) and are also concentrated in
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 of certain plants. Aldehydes are used for the manufacture of synthetic resins, e.g., bakelite, and for making dyestuffs, flavorings, perfumes, and other chemicals. Some are used as preservatives and disinfectants.

aldehyde

[′al·də‚hīd]
(organic chemistry)
One of a class of organic compounds containing the CHO radical.

aldehyde

1. any organic compound containing the group -CHO. Aldehydes are oxidized to carboxylic acids and take part in many addition reactions
2. consisting of, containing, or concerned with the group -CHO
References in periodicals archive ?
Association of the Glu504Lys polymorphism in the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 gene with endothelium-dependent dilation disorder in Chinese Han patients with essential hypertension.
Since unsaturated fatty acids are known to be precursors of volatile aldehydes (Svedberg et al.
Maize root revealed aldehyde oxidase (AO) activities in the zymogram test (Fig.
Besides affecting wine aroma, aldehydes may be intricately linked to color development of red wines.
Mochly-Rosen, "Activation of aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 reduces ischemic damage to the heart," Science, vol.
The deduced amino acid sequence of TMABaldehyde-DH and TMA-Butanol-DH were respectively, similar to those of aldehyde dehydrogenase and alcohol dehydrogenase superfamily proteins.
1, the peaks at 1732 and 2714 [cm.sup.-1] corresponding to aldehyde groups are very weak when the molar ratio of U/l/F is 1.0/2.0/4.0.
Why is it important for the plant to use some of the 3-carbon aldehyde (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate) that is produced in the Calvin cycle to make more 5-carbon RuBP (Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate)?
Rats bred to crave alcohol drink 50 per cent less for more than a month after being injected with viruses engineered to disrupt a gene, Aldehyde dehydrogenase, needed to absorb alcohol.
The Milky Way nebula, Sagittarius B2, has revealed data suggesting the presence of aldehyde molecules that typically assist in the formation of amino acids, and scientists have reported their discovery of glycolaldehyde, a simple sugar.
KEY WORDS: Ethanol metabolism; ethanol-to-acetaldehyde metabolism; acetaldehyde; acetate; aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH); central nervous system; brain; catalase; cytochrome P450; alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH); ethanol oxidation; behavior; ethanol preference
In the case of carpet emissions, the presence of [O.sub.3] influences aldehyde emissions, with concentrations of some emitted oxidation products exceeding their odor thresholds (Morrison and Nazaroff 2002).