aldehyde

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aldehyde

(ăl`dəhīd) [alcohol + New Lat. dehydrogenatus=dehydrogenated], any of a class of organic compounds that contain the carbonyl groupcarbonyl group
, in chemistry, functional group that consists of an oxygen atom joined by a double bond to a carbon atom. The carbon atom is joined to the remainder of the molecule by two single bonds or one double bond.
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, , and in which the carbonyl group is bonded to at least one hydrogen; the general formula for an aldehyde is RCHO, where R is hydrogen or an alkyl or aryl group. Aldehydes are formed by partial oxidation of primary alcohols and form carboxylic acids when they are further oxidized. The common name for an aldehyde is often derived from the name of the acid it forms; the IUPAC name is usually derived from the name of the alcohol from which it is formed. Low molecular weight aldehydes, e.g., formaldehydeformaldehyde
, HCHO, the simplest aldehyde. It melts at −92°C;, boils at −21°C;, and is soluble in water, alcohol, and ether; at STP, it is a flammable, poisonous, colorless gas with a suffocating odor.
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 and acetaldehydeacetaldehyde
or ethanal
, CH3CHO, colorless liquid aldehyde, sometimes simply called aldehyde. It melts at −123°C;, boils at 20.8°C;, and is soluble in water and ethanol.
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, have sharp, unpleasant odors; higher molecular weight aldehydes, e.g., benzaldehydebenzaldehyde
or benzenecarbonal
, C6H5CHO, colorless liquid aldehyde with a characteristic almond odor. It boils at 180°C;, is soluble in ethanol, but is insoluble in water.
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 and furfuralfurfural
or furfuraldehyde
[Lat.,=bran], C4H3OCHO, viscous, colorless liquid that has a pleasant aromatic odor; upon exposure to air it turns dark brown or black. It boils at about 160°C;.
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, have pleasant, often flowery, odors and are found in the essential oilsessential oils,
volatile oils that occur in plants and in general give to the plants their characteristic odors, flavors, or other such properties. Essential oils are found in various parts of the plant body (in the seeds, flowers, bark, or leaves) and are also concentrated in
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 of certain plants. Aldehydes are used for the manufacture of synthetic resins, e.g., bakelite, and for making dyestuffs, flavorings, perfumes, and other chemicals. Some are used as preservatives and disinfectants.

aldehyde

[′al·də‚hīd]
(organic chemistry)
One of a class of organic compounds containing the CHO radical.

aldehyde

1. any organic compound containing the group -CHO. Aldehydes are oxidized to carboxylic acids and take part in many addition reactions
2. consisting of, containing, or concerned with the group -CHO
References in periodicals archive ?
This method [64] tests for the presence of free carbonyl groups, of reducing sugars produced from starch fragmentation, as during the redox reaction between sugars (starch fragments) and silver nitrate, the sugars are turned to the oxidized form with more aldehydic and/or ketonic groups.
The stretching vibrations at 3350-3230 cm-1 and at 2840 cm-l attributed to free aldehydic carbonyl group present in sugars were absent in the FTIR spectra of these complexes.
FTIR spectra of the membrane indicated the presence of free hydroxyl groups and absence of free aldehydic groups.
Intracellular A[beta]42 may interact with the lipids in the RER to induce lipid peroxidation (toxic aldehydic products like 4-hydroxynonenal) as it does with the plasma membrane.
It's a semi-heavy aldehydic fragrance created in 1921 by fashion designer Coco Chanel, who has often been quoted as saying, ``Perfume is part of you; no elegance is possible without it.
A role for 4-hydroxynonenal, an aldehydic product of lipid peroxidation, indisruption of ion homeostasis and neuronal death induced by amyloid [Beta]-peptide.
Their biological studies were also carried out by standard antibacterial, anti-fungal, cytotoxic, antioxidant and DNA protection assays in comparison to their aldehydic precursors.
49] postulated that such peroxycylization was an important pathway for the formation of major aldehydic products of linoleic acid oxidation, such as 9-oxononanoic acid and 4-hydroperoxy-2-nonenal.
AFTER four decades in the perfume business, Lorna McKay's nose should be worn out - but she can still tell a fruity floral from an aldehydic at 10 paces.
They probably form the more stable ketonic and aldehydic groups, by the migration of the low-molecular mass oxidized material, e.
But on the other hand, Costa said that while having a fresh aldehydic floral in a laundry detergent may connote fresh and clean, that same fragrance in a kitchen spray may "seem far too perfume-y and not exactly appropriate .