aliphatic compound


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Related to aliphatic compound: alicyclic compound, aromatic compound, aliphatic acid

aliphatic compound

(ăl'əfăt`ĭk), any of a large class of organic compounds whose carbon atoms are joined together in straight or branched open chains rather than in rings. The hydrocarbons of the alkanealkane
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain only single bonds (see chemical bond). Alkanes have the general chemical formula CnH2n+2.
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, alkenealkene
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds (see chemical bond). Alkenes with only one double bond have the general formula CnH2n.
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, and alkynealkyne
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds (see chemical bond). Alkynes with one triple bond have the general formula CnH2n−2.
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 series are aliphatic compounds, as are fatty acidsfatty acid,
any of the organic carboxylic acids present in fats and oils as esters of glycerol. Molecular weights of fatty acids vary over a wide range. The carbon skeleton of any fatty acid is unbranched. Some fatty acids are saturated, i.e.
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 and many other compounds. Most compounds containing rings are aromatic compoundsaromatic compound,
any of a large class of compounds that includes benzene and compounds that resemble benzene in certain of their chemical properties. Originally applied to a small class of pleasant-smelling chemicals derived from vegetables, it now encompasses a wide diversity
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; compounds that contain a ring but are not aromatic compounds are called alicyclic.
References in periodicals archive ?
89 Aliphatic compound with mass 83+280 (likely associated to fresh OM) was not added because it is not indicative of the charring effect.
Use of this hydrophobicity index may improve prediction of water repellency from soil properties, as it is a direct measure of the proportion of C in the soil present as aliphatic compounds which cause water repellency.
Soils under permanent grassland had higher aggregates stability caused by higher content of aliphatic compounds.
A decrease in the share of aliphatic compounds in the hexane fraction could be explained by their volatilization from the pyrolysate.
The blackcurrant aroma isolated from berries was rich in aromatic and aliphatic compounds and oxygenated monoterpenes.
Also Bromoklor bromo-chlorinated aliphatic compounds effective as high-halogen plasticizers.
So, kerogen should include unstable formations, possible aliphatic compounds, which transform to more stable structures emitting equal quantity of water which does not depend on pyrolysis atmosphere.