aliphatic compound


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Related to aliphatic compound: alicyclic compound, aromatic compound, aliphatic acid

aliphatic compound

(ăl'əfăt`ĭk), any of a large class of organic compounds whose carbon atoms are joined together in straight or branched open chains rather than in rings. The hydrocarbons of the alkanealkane
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain only single bonds (see chemical bond). Alkanes have the general chemical formula CnH2n+2.
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, alkenealkene
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds (see chemical bond). Alkenes with only one double bond have the general formula CnH2n.
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, and alkynealkyne
, any of a group of aliphatic hydrocarbons whose molecules contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds (see chemical bond). Alkynes with one triple bond have the general formula CnH2n−2.
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 series are aliphatic compounds, as are fatty acidsfatty acid,
any of the organic carboxylic acids present in fats and oils as esters of glycerol. Molecular weights of fatty acids vary over a wide range. The carbon skeleton of any fatty acid is unbranched. Some fatty acids are saturated, i.e.
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 and many other compounds. Most compounds containing rings are aromatic compoundsaromatic compound,
any of a large class of compounds that includes benzene and compounds that resemble benzene in certain of their chemical properties. Originally applied to a small class of pleasant-smelling chemicals derived from vegetables, it now encompasses a wide diversity
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; compounds that contain a ring but are not aromatic compounds are called alicyclic.
References in periodicals archive ?
mass 10:1-28:1 C10-28 alkene 140-392 55+69 10:0-28:0 C10-28 alkane 142-394 57+71 Al1 aliphatic compound n.
Aliphatic compounds are alkane, alkene group and aromatic compounds are benzene groups.
A decrease in the share of aliphatic compounds in the hexane fraction could be explained by their volatilization from the pyrolysate.
They represent different classes of compounds such as alkaloids, diterpenoid lactones, phenolics and their glycosides, sesquiterpenoids, steroids, aliphatic compounds and polysaccharides (for review Singh et al.
For instance, polar fractions high in quinones were much more potent in inducing cell death, whereas aromatic compounds high in PAHs had a more moderate effect, and aliphatic compounds had no apparent effect.
Alcohols, aldehydes and organic acids are common products of the so-called 'beta-oxidation' sequence of long-chain aliphatic compounds.
It is generally agreed that long chain aliphatic compounds are involved in producing water repellency by soil.