The critical role of chloride in the correction of hypokalemic alkalosis
UCD should be kept in mind in our country, where consanguineous marriages are frequently encountered, in cases normal at birth but showing rapid progressive clinical deterioration, accompanied by convulsions and neurological findings, especially respiratory alkalosis
in blood gas.
triggered was due to the loss of [Cl.
Laboratory abnormalities include hyposthenuria, hyponatraemia, hypokalaemia, and hypochloraemic metabolic alkalosis
associated with increased urinary loss of sodium, potassium, chloride and calcium.
A final diagnosis of ethanol-related acute hepatitis with high anion-gap metabolic acidosis owing to mixed lactic acidosis and alcohol-related ketoacidosis, associated with metabolic alkalosis
and respiratory alkalosis
, electrolyte imbalance, and hypoglycemia was made.
After careful review of her prior medical history, the hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis
were relatively new findings despite her 7-year history of hypertension.
2] of 41 mm Hg at a time the serum bicarbonate level was 32 mmol/L defined a primary metabolic alkalosis
While in children in whom the trachea was not intubated hiccup was associated with a decrease in respiratory frequency and minute volume, oxygen desaturation, and relative bradycardia, hiccupping spells were characterized by hyperventilation and respiratory alkalosis
if the trachea was intubated .
2] lower than 35 mmHg indicates respiratory alkalosis
, and PaC[O.
45 combining with decrease of PaCO2 or increase of HCO3" is defined as respiratory or metabolic alkalosis
Gitelman's and Bartterr's syndrome patients are usually normotensive, hypokalaemic, ,hypocalciuric and have metabolic alkalosis
and raised plasma renin and aldosterone levels while our patient was initially hypertensive and had low plasma renin and low plasma aldosterone levels9
Induced metabolic alkalosis
affects muscle metabolism and repeated-sprint ability.