alkyl


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to alkyl: alkyl halide, aryl

alkyl

[′al‚kil]
(organic chemistry)
An organic group that results from removal of a hydrogen atom from an acyclic, saturated hydrocarbon; may be represented in a chemical formula by R‒.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the study, alkyl polyglucoside finds considerable demand in homecare products such as surface cleaners, dishwashing detergents and laundry detergents, accounting for over 40% sales.
For further research, it is important to understand that the linear correlations (3), (4) and the proportionality relation (7) give a reason to assume that there is a more general dependence of enthalpies of combustion on two variables:1) the number of oxygen atoms in the reaction equation and 2) the ratio of nitro- and alkyl groups in the formula of nitrogen-containing compound.
When compared with the neat GNP, all the three alkyl-GNPs show new IR absorption peaks at 1,600 and 2,950 [cm.sup.-1] resulted from the bending vibrations of the amide N-H bonds and the stretching vibrations of the covalently bonded alkyl C-H bonds respectively.
In order to gain insight of the effect of different alkyl chains on the geometrical, electronic and optical properties of organic dyes, we have studied, in this work, a dye based on carbazole donor and Bithiophene Bridge.
Camille Loranger, MD, of the department of dermatology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, presented her institution's experience with allergic contact dermatitis caused by alkyl glucosides.
The deposition problem of the short alkyl group substituted viologens was resolved either by designing such derivatives of viologens which were water soluble in all their oxidation states [8] or by the use of cyclodextrins (CDs) [9, 10].There have been conflicting claims about the interaction of bCD with the neutral and cationic forms of the methyl viologen dication in aqueous solution.
To assess the effects of attached alkyl chains, the NIMS team collated research that studied the properties of pi-conjugated molecules modified with specific alkyl chains.
The report “Linear Alkyl Benzene Market Analysis By Application (Heavy Duty Laundry Liquids, Laundry Powders, Light Duty Dish Washing Liquids, Industrial Cleaners, Household Cleaners) And Segment Forecasts To 2020” is available now to Grand View Research customers and can also be purchased directly at http://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/linear-alkyl-benzene-market.
The experimental data showed that the binary mixtures of alkyloxybenzoic acids with different alkyl chains and 4-aminoazobenzene/2-aminoazotoluene could form organogels in special organic solvents, as listed in Table 1.
The cellular cytotoxicity of the alkyl gallates was evaluated against lung tumor cells (A549) and normal fibroblast pulmonary cells (MRC-5), which were obtained from the American Type Culture Collection (Manassas, VA, USA).
M2 PHARMA-April 18, 2012-Oxea appoints IMCD as European distributor for its Alkyl Amines line(C)2012 M2 COMMUNICATIONS
This modifier consists of multilayered polymer particles having at least three layers: an innermost alkyl methacrylate layer, an intermediate alkyl acrylate layer, and an outer layer with a glass transition ranging from 20[degrees]C to 80[degrees]C and a diameter of 200 to 300 nm.