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in music, a perpetual canoncanon,
in music, a type of counterpoint employing the strictest form of imitation. All the voices of a canon have the same melody, beginning at different times. Successive entrances may be at the same or at different pitches.
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 on a tune that returns to its beginning in which all the voices enter at the unison or the octave. An example is Sumer Is Icumen InSumer Is Icumen In
[M.E.,=summer has (literally: is) come in], an English rota or round composed c.1250. It is the earliest extant example of canon, of six part music, and of ground bass. Four tenor voices are in canon and two bass voices sing the pes, or ground, also in canon.
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. Rounds were popular in 17th-century England when the catch reached its height. The catch was originally just a simple round, e.g., Three Blind Mice, written in a single line with the effect gained by having another singer come in ("make the catch") at the right time. Later, comic effects, often quite bawdy, were added, using the interweaving of the parts. The Rounds, Catches and Canons of England (1864) by E. F. Rimbault is a comprehensive collection. The term round was also used to designate a dance performed in a circle and, by extension, to the tunes for such dances.


A series of shots fired either simultaneously or with delay periods between them.
To pass and alter direction of travel, as a vessel rounds a cape.
A single munition, missile, or device to be loaded on or in a delivery platform, vehicle, or device for purposes of expenditure; the configuration of the round may vary.


1. A wood plane for cutting grooves.
3. A cylindrical metal rod.

round molding, round

A fairly large molding, the section of which is circular (or nearly circular) and convex.


1. Maths
a. forming or expressed by an integer or whole number, with no fraction
b. expressed to the nearest ten, hundred, or thousand
2. in the round Theatre with the audience all round the stage
3. a playing of all the holes on a golf course
4. Archery a specified number of arrows shot from a specified distance
5. Music a part song in which the voices follow each other at equal intervals at the same pitch
6. a sequence of bells rung in order of treble to tenor
7. a dance in which the dancers move in a circle


To eliminate rightmost digits in a number when absolute precision is not required or used. One of the most common uses of rounding is with dollar amounts, which can result in more than two decimal places after a division. Following are four of many rounding methods:

  Round Half Up    3.455 -> 3.46
                   3.454 -> 3.45

  Round Half Down  3.455 -> 3.45
                   3.456 -> 3.46

  Round Up         3.456 -> 3.46
                   3.453 -> 3.46

  Round Down       3.458 -> 3.45
                   3.453 -> 3.45

Rounding and a Lot More
For more ways to round numbers than you can imagine, as well as to learn how computers perform mathematical functions at the circuit level, read the entertaining and informative book, "How Computers Do Math" by Clive "Max" Maxfield and Alvin Brown. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2005, ISBN 0-471-73278-8).
References in periodicals archive ?
Ben Lane (on left) was named the Association's best all-rounder after triumphing in Jesmond Cycling Club's Presidents Cup
It is probably not realistic now with the order we have got and Rikki Clarke and Tim Ambrose above me but I want to get up to six and be that genuine all-rounder.
Widnes's bid for promotion from the First Division has been boosted by the acquisition of top-ranking Indian all-rounder Narender Singh Negi, who debuts at home to Bramhall under the continuing captaincy of the Ian Spencer.
Nottinghamshire then replied with 373, with Steven Mullaney, the former Lancashire all-rounder, making 132 and Sam Wood 96, while Will Owen took four for 89 and Nick James three for 95.
Essex all-rounder Graham Napier, meanwhile, has admitted his "deep disappointment" at being left out of England's initial squad for next month's World Twenty20.
Wayamba all-rounder Thissara Perera has been called up as cover for Mathews.
The last few years have shown that my body cannot handle the strains and stresses that come with being an all-rounder, playing all three formats for up to 10 months a year.
Pakistan welcome back batsman Mohammed Yousuf and all-rounder Abdul Razzaq after the experienced duo withdrew from the ICL.
England, who have no other injury problems, remain confident their talismanic all-rounder will be fit.
Veteran seamer Martin Bicknell is out with a groin strain and India's Anil Kumble is not yet available but Pakistani all-rounder Azhar Mahmood will feature.
But today David Graveney revealed he and his fellow selectors had opted for Collingwood, who has barely featured in any of the squads during the recent series against West Indies and is regarded generally as a batting all-rounder rather than an attacking threat.
We need to find another Flintoff - another outstanding bowling all-rounder who can come in at No.

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