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in music, a perpetual canoncanon,
in music, a type of counterpoint employing the strictest form of imitation. All the voices of a canon have the same melody, beginning at different times. Successive entrances may be at the same or at different pitches.
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 on a tune that returns to its beginning in which all the voices enter at the unison or the octave. An example is Sumer Is Icumen InSumer Is Icumen In
[M.E.,=summer has (literally: is) come in], an English rota or round composed c.1250. It is the earliest extant example of canon, of six part music, and of ground bass. Four tenor voices are in canon and two bass voices sing the pes, or ground, also in canon.
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. Rounds were popular in 17th-century England when the catch reached its height. The catch was originally just a simple round, e.g., Three Blind Mice, written in a single line with the effect gained by having another singer come in ("make the catch") at the right time. Later, comic effects, often quite bawdy, were added, using the interweaving of the parts. The Rounds, Catches and Canons of England (1864) by E. F. Rimbault is a comprehensive collection. The term round was also used to designate a dance performed in a circle and, by extension, to the tunes for such dances.
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A series of shots fired either simultaneously or with delay periods between them.
To pass and alter direction of travel, as a vessel rounds a cape.
A single munition, missile, or device to be loaded on or in a delivery platform, vehicle, or device for purposes of expenditure; the configuration of the round may vary.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. A wood plane for cutting grooves.
3. A cylindrical metal rod.

round molding, round

A fairly large molding, the section of which is circular (or nearly circular) and convex.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. Maths
a. forming or expressed by an integer or whole number, with no fraction
b. expressed to the nearest ten, hundred, or thousand
2. in the round Theatre with the audience all round the stage
3. a playing of all the holes on a golf course
4. Archery a specified number of arrows shot from a specified distance
5. Music a part song in which the voices follow each other at equal intervals at the same pitch
6. a sequence of bells rung in order of treble to tenor
7. a dance in which the dancers move in a circle
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


To eliminate rightmost digits in a number when absolute precision is not required or used. One of the most common uses of rounding is with dollar amounts, which can result in more than two decimal places after a division. Following are four of many rounding methods:

  Round Half Up    3.455 -> 3.46
                   3.454 -> 3.45

  Round Half Down  3.455 -> 3.45
                   3.456 -> 3.46

  Round Up         3.456 -> 3.46
                   3.453 -> 3.46

  Round Down       3.458 -> 3.45
                   3.453 -> 3.45

Rounding and a Lot More
For more ways to round numbers than you can imagine, as well as to learn how computers perform mathematical functions at the circuit level, read the entertaining and informative book, "How Computers Do Math" by Clive "Max" Maxfield and Alvin Brown. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2005).
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Here's a look at the top 5 all-rounders to watch out for in this edition of the cash-rich league:
Ben Lane (on left) was named the Association's best all-rounder after triumphing in Jesmond Cycling Club's Presidents Cup
"Seven or eight is probably where I'll be this year and down there you don't always get the chances that an all-rounder should.
Widnes's bid for promotion from the First Division has been boosted by the acquisition of top-ranking Indian all-rounder Narender Singh Negi, who debuts at home to Bramhall under the continuing captaincy of the Ian Spencer.
Nottinghamshire then replied with 373, with Steven Mullaney, the former Lancashire all-rounder, making 132 and Sam Wood 96, while Will Owen took four for 89 and Nick James three for 95.
The 32-year-old all-rounder still believes he may have several seasons ahead of him, in all cricket for Lancashire and limited-overs formats for his country.
The all-rounder strained his right quadricep while attempting a single and will now be out of action for at least four weeks.
New Zealand all-rounder Jacob Oram has announced his retirement from Test cricket but will continue to represent his country in the shorter forms of the game.
Pakistan welcome back batsman Mohammed Yousuf and all-rounder Abdul Razzaq after the experienced duo withdrew from the ICL.
Essex all-rounder Ravi Bopara attracted "fierce bidding" and was finally sold to Kings XI Punjab for pounds 328,000 but there were no bidders for Sussex batsman Luke Wright and all-rounder Samit Patel and they remain unsold.
Reserves: Rohit Mohan (medium pacer), Jujhar Singh (spinner), Maaz Zafar (medium pacer), Mohammed Rayed (batting all-rounder).
Veteran seamer Martin Bicknell is out with a groin strain and India's Anil Kumble is not yet available but Pakistani all-rounder Azhar Mahmood will feature.

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