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in political terms, the tie that binds an individual to another individual or institution. The term usually refers to a person's legal obligation of obedience to a government in return for the protection of that government, although it may have reference to any institution that one is bound to support. In the United States allegiance is required of both citizenscitizen,
member of a state, native or naturalized, who owes allegiance to the government of the state and is entitled to certain rights. Citizens may be said to enjoy the most privileged form of nationality; they are at the furthest extreme from nonnational residents of a state
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 and resident aliens. In ordinary speech, the term may include supplemental emotional ties that make it loosely synonymous with loyalty.

Individuals develop allegiances to social groups, such as family, school, club, and religion, through processes of socialization; recent scholars have examined the connection of these more intimate processes to the maintenance or shift of political allegiances. Political scientists distinguish between natural allegiance, which arises from membership by birth within a political society; express allegiance, which arises from an oath or promise to support a political society, usually resulting from naturalizationnaturalization,
official act by which a person is made a national of a country other than his or her native one. In some countries naturalized persons do not necessarily become citizens but may merely acquire a new nationality.
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; local allegiance, in which an alien pledges temporary allegiance to a government for the protection it offers; and legal allegiance, which arises in certain cases from an oath taken to support a government temporarily, as when a foreign soldier joins its armed forces.

Under European laws a people did not have the right to change allegiance without consent of their governments. In 1868 the United States declared that it was the right of any citizen to voluntarily transfer allegiance to another government. Great Britain provided the same opportunity for its subjects in 1870, and thereafter other European states followed similar policies. The process of expatriationexpatriation,
loss of nationality. Such loss is usually, although not necessarily, voluntary. Generally it applies to those persons who have renounced nationality and citizenship in one country to become citizens or subjects of another. According to U.S.
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, however, is by no means universal.

See also Pledge of AllegiancePledge of Allegiance,
in full, Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, oath that proclaims loyalty to the United States. and its national symbol.
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(in feudal society) the obligations of a vassal to his liege lord
References in periodicals archive ?
Las Vegas-based Allegiant (NASDAQ: ALGT) is focused on linking travelers to world-class leisure destinations.
Mechanical issues with the air craft disrupted Allegiant Flight 454 from taking off.
When Allegiant was launched last September, it had an advisory agreement with an unnamed financial services firm to deploy $500 million in capital for commercial real estate debt deals.
Allegiant will originate, acquire and asset manage performing, distressed and non-performing first mortgage loans, mezzanine loans, B-notes, preferred equity and CMBS securities.
The program will allow cardholders to earn three points per dollar on Allegiant purchases, two points per dollar on qualifying dining purchases, and one point per dollar on all other purchases, among other benefits.
Allegiant has revealed that it is offering introductory one way airfares from $34 for the Fort Lauderdale-Concord route, while passengers bound for Memphis will have to shell out $66 (one way).
The company said that the aircraft was purchased in a cash deal, although Allegiant is also currently evaluating debt-financing options.
We were able to make it through the recession when Allegiant came in and added capacity into the market - we were getting low-fare service, additional routes throughout the downturn.
Allegiant expects to spend between $75 million to $90 million through 2012 acquiring and preparing this fleet for service.
Allegiant is offering low-cost fares to the sunshine state and is confident that local travellers, as well as those coming across the border from Canada will take up its new routes.
Allegiant Travel Company (NASDAQ: ALGT) has begun operating flights with Indiana-based crews and aircraft from Indianapolis International Airport (IND), providing a foundation for future growth in the Hoosier State, the company said.