alpha cell


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Related to alpha cell: beta cell

alpha cell

[′al·fə ‚sel]
(histology)
Any of the acidophilic chromophiles in the anterior lobe of the adenohypophysis.
References in periodicals archive ?
It works by restoring the human beta and alpha cell populations in the pancreas.
The total number of cells per islet section and the beta and alpha cells were counted as they differentially stained with chrome alum Hematoxylin-phloxin.
If the discovery translates to people, scientists may one day be able to coax type 1 diabetics' own alpha cells into replacing insulin-producing cells.
However, the researchers were missing the second half of the pancreatic equation: cells, like alpha cells, that sense blood sugar and secrete a hormone to offset insulin's effects.
The current method f producing beta cells leads to cells that resemble alpha cells a little too much.
Our data have shown, for the first time, that GPR119 is selectively expressed in alpha cells, not beta cells, and is most likely involved in regulating glucagon secretion not insulin secretion directly.
In a recently published study in Nature, it is demonstrated that SGLT2 is expressed in glucagon- secreting alpha cells of the pancreatic islets.
glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion from L cells and alpha cells.
GLP-1 is a naturally-occurring peptide hormone that is released within minutes after eating a meal and is known to suppress glucagon secretion from pancreatic alpha cells and stimulate glucose-dependent insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells.