The safety factor and life cycle both values are greater than straight axle as well as

alternating stress and deformation values are less than straight axle.

8]

alternating stress cycles during their service life.

The maximum values of stress for UH3 and UH4 were under the minimum

alternating stress from the S-N diagram.

Figure 6 shows an

alternating stress versus mean stress plot for the LCV leaf spring.

The

alternating stress was varied to find the fatigue life, while the mean stress was kept constant.

8 GPa at T = 20[degrees]C, which is an order of magnitude lower than the maximum amplitude of the applied

alternating stress.

In the lifetime assessment, the

alternating stress against the mean stress determines the fatigue damage of a mechanical component, as determined with the Haigh's Mean Stress Diagram.

Step 4: Calculate the fatigue factor of safety by comparing the equivalent

alternating stress to the fatigue failure strength.

The main aim of the project is to determine the Von Misses stresses, Shear stresses, Maximum Principle stress, Equivalent

Alternating stress, Total Deformation, Fatigue Analysis and Optimization in the existing Connecting rod.

The amplitude of the reversed charge pulse is not enough to provide cell membrane breakdown, but it produces high

alternating stress on the cell membrane, causing structural fatigue.

To calculate the fatigue resistance of the stents, Clune used Goodman plots which compute mean stresses and the magnitude of

alternating stress.

and also S-N curve to integrate the

alternating stress life of the composite materials.