altruistic suicide


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altruistic suicide

the form of SUICIDE identified by DURKHEIM (1897) as occurring in highly integrated societies and in certain types of social organization where social integration is similarly strong. Examples of altruistic suicide are the euthanasia of the old and infirm as practised in some simple societies, or suicides of honour (e.g. among the military). See also EGOISTIC SUICIDE, ANOMIC SUICIDE.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
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It could be assimilated to the concept of "altruistic suicide" to be found with Durkheim.
Altruist Suicide: Under the yardstick of Durkheim, one who drinks the hemlock for truth or kisses the gallows for a greater cause comes under the category of altruistic suicide or a suicide bomber takes his own life by having monomaniac behaviour towards his faith.
He thus defines four types of suicide, such as egoistic suicide, altruistic suicide, anomic suicide and fatalist suicide.
If government takes to heart that it is fundamentally irrelevant and envious, it will seek an "altruistic suicide," as French sociologist Emile Durkheim would put it, if not its members' "collective euthanasia-suicide," as German philosopher Karl von Hartmann would put it.
The other extremes of egoistic suicide and anomic suicide (known as altruistic suicide and fatalistic suicide, respectively) are also related to high suicide rates, but were not generally applicable to modern western societies (18).
Yet it is also clear that in any ultimate analysis, the trans-ethical value of altruistic suicide, most explicitly endorsed in the sacrificial acts recounted in the 23rd chapter of the Saddharmapundarika Sutra, (4) which is determined not by consensus, but by the deep structure of mental-ethical motivation, is something that for the Mahayana also lies on the border between the conventional and transcendental realms.
The second type, altruistic suicide, was a result of too much integration.
The work discusses such topics as traditional psychiatric reasons for suicide in films, pain, illness and disability, economic strain and suicide, death of loved ones, altruistic suicide, and international contexts for the portrayal of suicide.
On the other hand, suicide attacks qualify as altruistic suicide, committed by an individual who is too much integrated into his or her society.
Perceived burdensomeness, where a person comes to feel he or she is a burden to others, resembles the effect of excessively high integration Durkheim associated with altruistic suicide.
Durkheim's notion of altruistic suicide inspired by 'religious sacrifice or unthinking political allegiance' (1951: 15) may shed light on kamikaze missions, but certainly not on Palestinian human bombs.