2) Bucco-lingual width of the alveolar
process taken at the level of the alveolar
crest at LM1 and LM2 sites (Fig.
The continuing reduction of the residual alveolar
ridges in complete denture wearers: a mixed-longitudinal study covering 25 years.
Savara's pipeline comprises Molgradex, an inhaled granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) in Phase 3 development for autoimmune pulmonary alveolar
proteinosis, in Phase 2a development for nontuberculous mycobacterial lung infection in both non-cystic fibrosis and CF-affected individuals with chronic NTM lung infection; and AeroVanc, a Phase 3-stage inhaled vancomycin for treatment of persistent methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) lung infection in CF.
Partial bronchiolar and alveolar
epithelial cell degeneration and necrosis as well as desquamation were also observed.
Results: There was significant distortion of normal architecture of the alveolar
Apart from the physical alveolar
disruption induced by MV, researchers realized that it was excessive lung volume which leads to overdistention of the lung, i.e., volutrauma, characterized by hyperpermeability of the alveolar-capillary barrier. A classical experiment found that pulmonary edema and cellular ultrastructural abnormalities were encountered only in rats subjected to high V[sub]T but not in those in which lung distention was limited by thoracoabdominal strapping, which highlighted the effect of transpulmonary pressure instead of airway pressure during VILI.
There was an approximately 50-fold increase in reactive oxygen species production, and a significant inhibition of phagocytosis with exposure of alveolar
macrophages to a sublethal 0.5 percent ECVC/nfECVC.
The post-extraction resorption of an alveolar
ridge is a natural process of bone remodeling which may seriously affect the dimensions of the ridge.1 Alveolar
ridge resorption may create a clinical problem such as esthetically and functionally defected removable prosthesis and fixed prosthesis.
DAH is usually presented with the "classic triad" of hemoptysis, rapid fall in hemoglobin over 24-48 h, and new alveolar
or interstitial infiltrates described in the literature (1, 2, 6).
 Himashi et al showed 86% success rate for second and third molars, while a very low rate for first molars (9%) might be due to the presence of middle superior alveolar
Therefore, submerged cultures of immortalized or tumor AECII cell lines, such as A549 cells are currently used as models of alveolar
epithelia in most in vitro studies.