Periostitis(redirected from alveolar periostitis)
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an acute or chronic inflammation of the periosteum, most often of infectious origin. Periostitis of short duration develops when there is contusion of an area of bone unprotected by subcutaneous tissue. Periostitis may be a symptom of osteomyelitis or other disease of the bone. It is accompanied by fever, local heat, pain, swelling, and reddening in the affected area. X-ray examination sometimes reveals a thickening of the periosteum. Treatment includes rest, antibiotics, anti-inflammatory agents, and physiotherapy. Surgical treatment is rarely used.