amalgam

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Related to amalgam alloy: copper amalgam

amalgam

(əmăl`gəm), alloyalloy
[O. Fr.,=combine], substance with metallic properties that consists of a metal fused with one or more metals or nonmetals. Alloys may be a homogeneous solid solution, a heterogeneous mixture of tiny crystals, a true chemical compound, or a mixture of these.
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 containing mercurymercury
or quicksilver
[from the Roman god Mercury], metallic chemical element; symbol Hg [Lat. hydrargyrum=liquid silver]; at. no. 80; at. wt. 200.59; m.p. −38.842°C;; b.p. 356.58°C;; sp. gr. 13.55 at 20°C;; valence +1 or +2.
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. The alloy may be liquid or solid, depending on the proportion of mercury, although all naturally occurring amalgams, i.e., those of gold and silver, are solid. Amalgams are widely used. Silver, gold, and copper amalgams are used in dentistry, and tin amalgam is used in making mirrors.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

amalgam

[ə′mal·gəm]
(metallurgy)
An alloy of mercury.
(mineralogy)
A silver mercury alloy occurring in nature.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

amalgam

1. an alloy of mercury with another metal, esp with silver
2. a rare white metallic mineral that consists of silver and mercury and occurs in deposits of silver and cinnabar
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The element of amalgam alloys (silver, copper, tin and zinc) are melted using electrical furnace and the operation was done under inert atmosphere using argon gas.
Groups Concentrations PC--control -- Ca[Cl.sub.2] 10% Poly-methylmethacrylate (PMMA) 20% 30% Irregular amalgam alloy 20% 30% Spherical amalgam alloy 20% 30% Table 3--Numerical results of compressive strength (MPa) and setting time (minutes).
Dental Devices: Classification of Encapsulated Amalgam Alloy and Dental Mercury and Reclassification of Dental Mercury: Issuance of Special Controls for Amalgam Alloy, 67 Fed.
Marginal fracture not a predictor of longevity for two dental amalgam alloys: a ten-year study.