amaurosis

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amaurosis

[‚a‚mȯ′rō·səs]
(medicine)
Total or partial blindness.
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Figure 1) In terms of the pre-operative symptomatology, 57% of the patients presented transient ischemic attacks (TIA) or Amaurosis Fugax, 39% mild non-disabling stroke, 32% had headaches, and in 4% of the evaluated patients the stenosis was an incidental finding (Figure 2).
Common indications for requesting this test include: (a) suspected transient ischemic attack (TIA), Co) reversible ischemic neurologic deficit (RIND), (c) CVA, (d) asymptomatic carotid bruit, or (e) amaurosis fugax.
History of stroke: includes stroke either by history or diagnosis by another medical practitioner, TIA or amaurosis fugax.
Due to the possibility of blockage of the carotid artery in patients with amaurosis fugax, they will need to have immediate investigations (e.
All of the patients were symptomatic (with amaurosis fugax, a transient ischemic attack, or a stroke within the previous 180 days) and also had at least 50% stenosis in their carotid artery based on the criteria of the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET).
Amaurosis fugax also can be seen in temporal arteritis.
There was a significant inverse relationship between the degree of carotid arterial distension and the risk of cerebrovascular disease, defined as stroke, transient ischemic attack, retinal infarction, or amaurosis fugax.
Winterkorn et al[44] have recently reported the successful treatment of nine patients with recurrent vasospastic amaurosis fugax with calcium channel blockers.
Although rupture of the artery is unusual, neurological complications such as stroke, amaurosis fugax, transient cerebral ischemia, syncope, and coma are possible.
Ophthalmic presentations of GCA include arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (AAOIN), which may be preceded by amaurosis fugax.