amblyopia


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amblyopia

[am′blē′ōp·ē·ə]
(medicine)
Dimness of vision, especially that not due to refractive errors or organic disease of the eye; may be congenital or acquired.
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Amblyopia is a relatively common and treatable vision deficit and in Northern Ireland when a child is identified as having reduced vision a rapid treatment plan is routinely put in place through NHS eye clinics and high street optometrists with NHS funding available for parents to purchase glasses needed as part of the treatment.
Amblyopia is an eye disorder which leads to decreased vision in one or both the eyes due to suppressed input from the brain.
The mainstay of amblyopia treatment (after acuity improvement ceases with refractive correction) is occlusion therapy where the better eye is occluded for extended periods, in order to stimulate the amblyopic eye and therefore improve acuity (see Figure 1).
Eye screening during childhood is important to prevent amblyopia secondary to refractive error and strabismus.
Reading speed was associated with self-perception of academic competence while aiming and catching skills were associated with self-perception of scholastic, social and athletic ability for children with amblyopia. ( ANI )
Of these, 89% had diagnosed cases of amblyopia in the past year that could have been better treated if they had been spotted earlier.
The researchers found that, compared with children in the control group, children with amblyopia had a slower mean time to completion (P = 0.001), as did children with non-amblyopic strabismus (P = 0.002).
Blurred or distorted vision will cause the brain to set up abnormal visual connections, what is called amblyopia.
"The Holy Grail is whether this process will reduce the incidence of amblyopia," said Dr.
In the first 10 months of the pilot program, pediatricians screened 870 children, 11 of whom were later diagnosed with severe amblyopia. They now find about one new patient each month with a vision concern, Judy said.
But they were not able to prove whether these macular changes in children having amblyopia with unilateral high myopia were because of high myopia, amblyopia or combination of both factors20.
The patient was prescribed spectacle correction of +0.25 -0.25 x130 in the right eye and +0.25 -0.25 x160 in the left eye to reduce the risk of amblyopia. After 3 years of treatment, the BCVA had improved to 20/25 in the right eye and 20/20 in the left eye.