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* Women are protected from pregnancy for the first six months after a birth when they breast-feed exclusively and are amenorrheic. Women using the lactational amenorrhea method are expected to switch to another family planning method when they reach six months postpartum (or before that date, if they stop breast-feeding exclusively or start their menses).
Amenorrheic athletes are also at risk for the "female athlete triad"--disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis.
Decreased nitric oxide levels and bone turnover in amenorrheic athletes with spinal osteopenia.
The reasons may be their relatively higher exposure to the risk of intercourse (longer duration of marriage), and lower incidence of postpartum infecundity (shorter duration of postpartum amenorrheic variables, i.e., MOBF, FBI, LCBI).
(15) DHS data also show that many women who intend to use are not classified as having an unmet need, usually because they report their current pregnancy as intended or are amenorrheic and report their last birth as wanted.
Muscle performance in amenorrheic versus eumenorrheic and male ballet dancers.
It has been suggested that the decrease in bone mass in amenorrheic athletes may be permanent (Braam, et al., 2003; Keen and Drinkwater, 1997) and it is not yet clear whether the skeletal deficits can be reversed, due to a lack of longitudinal research.
All of those with hypothalamic amenorrhea were 90%-110% of ideal body weight; had been amenorrheic for at least 3 months; had normal FSH, prolactin, testosterone, and free testosterone levels; an LH-to-FSH ratio of less than 2.5; absence of hirsutism; and no history of an eating disorder.
Prolactin levels have also been found to be lower in amenorrheic athletes.
Also excluded were amenorrheic women and pregnant female students.
To protect you from these problems, many doctors now recommend that dancers who are amenorrheic should undergo low-dose estrogen replacement therapy.
* At the time of interview, women who were pregnant or postpartum amenorrheic for less than 24 months were classified according to the intention status of their last pregnancy or birth.