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in the Islamic world
1. an independent ruler or chieftain
2. a military commander or governor
3. a descendant of Mohammed
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in the countries of the Orient, a title for Muslim rulers equivalent to the title of prince. Until the adoption of Islam in the seventh century, the title emir was applied to military leaders; it was later used for Muslim rulers with secular and religious power, such as the emir of Bukhara and the emir of Afghanistan. The title is given to the sons of Arab monarchs in certain countries, including Saudi Arabia. The leaders of large groups of pilgrims to Mecca are also called emirs.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Amir on Friday announced his retirement from Test cricket with immediate effect, but reaffirmed his commitment to playing white ball cricket for Pakistan.
Amir of the State of Qatar Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, accompanied by a high level delegation comprising key ministers and senior officials, visited Pakistan on the invitation of the Prime Minister.
Amir of the State of Qatar Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani is visiting Pakistan on the invitation of Prime Minister Imran Khan.
03/06/18:After not being given a party ticket for the 2018 elections, Amir Liaquat threatens to take extreme steps.' Claims he came to PTI thinking of it as his own home' and is now being made a stranger by the party's Sindh chapter.
In his statement recorded in the court today, the Rangers official said that an operation was conducted at MQM headquarters Nine Zero on March 11, 2015 during which Amir Khan was arrested from Khursheed Memorial Hall.
Zaman attributed Amir's lack of confidence to him not being able to perform up to the expectations for quite some time.
" ITV sources hit back, saying there was "absolutely no truth" in claims that Amir had been coerced into stealing the prize.
Both Amir and Iain last night won immunity from the first elimination from the show.
Amir's wife, Larissa Trimbobler, whom he married in a proxy ceremony while in prison, in a Facebook post a week ago said that Amir would seek a retrial and in a second post a day later wrote that Amir's defense lawyers have evidence that the bullets he fired at Rabin did not cause his death.
According to Amir, the marriage is a love marriage and both families happily consented to their union.
Amir Bahar 'is innocent of the crime charged against him,' Idjirani quoted the sultan as saying.