ammonium chloride


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ammonium chloride

(əmō`nēəm klôr`īd), chemical compound, NH4Cl, a white or colorless, odorless, water-soluble, cubic crystalline salt with a biting taste, commonly known as sal ammoniac. It is prepared commercially by reacting ammoniaammonia,
chemical compound, NH3, colorless gas that is about one half as dense as air at ordinary temperatures and pressures. It has a characteristic pungent, penetrating odor.
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, NH3, with hydrogen chloride, HCl, and is used chiefly in the manufacture of electric dry-cell batteries, in soldering fluxes, in textile printing, and in making other compounds. It is also used in certain medical treatments. It occurs in nature in volcanic regions.

ammonium chloride

[ə′mōn·yəm ′klȯr‚īd]
(inorganic chemistry)
NH4Cl A white crystalline salt that occurs naturally as a sublimation product of volcanic action or is manufactured; used as an electrolyte in dry cells, as a flux for soldering, tinning, and galvanizing, and as an expectorant.

sal ammoniac, ammonium chloride

A material used in a soldering flux and as an ingredient in iron cement.
References in periodicals archive ?
The hourly urinary ammonia excretion after ammonium chloride loading was two times higher in stone former as compared to normal subject in group A, but was not in group B.
Than 1 ml saturated ammonium chloride solution and o-aminothiophenol (0,001 moles, 0,11 ml) was added to mixture.
Significant differences of average SN ratio among levels of variables were found in both of molasses and ammonium chloride (p (less than) 0.
The above mentioned study showed that, among the three possible sources of chloride contamination, the ammonium chloride powdering stage is the main one.
The technique uses intensive soil sampling some time after ammonium chloride application to track the movement of the applied inorganic N and chloride, the chloride being used as a tracer.
Then control the parameters as best as possible by adding ammonia or similar to control the pH and maintain the correct density by adding more zinc ammonium chloride.
Nitrogen sources for rice production commonly include urea and ammonium sulfate; however, Japanese rice production relies almost exclusively on ammonium chloride (Tisdale et al.
The Sani-Wipe surface sanitizing wipes are fast, easy-to-use products that meet FDA Food Code requirements for sanitizers used to clean food-contact surfaces, delivering just under 200 parts per million of quaternary ammonium chloride sanitizing solution each time they're used.
This producer of zinc chemicals, including active zinc oxide, zinc carbonate, zinc ammonium chloride and zinc sulfate, has its own rubber compound laboratory with rheometer, tensile strength meter roller mills, etc.
Positively charged polydiallyldimethyl ammonium chloride (PDADMAC), was found to bind strongly to the surface of anionic montmorrillonite platelets in aqueous dispersions.
We also recommend that owners switch to a goat or sheep grain that contains ammonium chloride (NH4C1), which acidifies urine and helps prevent crystal formation.