ammonium chloride


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

ammonium chloride

(əmō`nēəm klôr`īd), chemical compound, NH4Cl, a white or colorless, odorless, water-soluble, cubic crystalline salt with a biting taste, commonly known as sal ammoniac. It is prepared commercially by reacting ammoniaammonia,
chemical compound, NH3, colorless gas that is about one half as dense as air at ordinary temperatures and pressures. It has a characteristic pungent, penetrating odor.
..... Click the link for more information.
, NH3, with hydrogen chloride, HCl, and is used chiefly in the manufacture of electric dry-cell batteries, in soldering fluxes, in textile printing, and in making other compounds. It is also used in certain medical treatments. It occurs in nature in volcanic regions.

ammonium chloride

[ə′mōn·yəm ′klȯr‚īd]
(inorganic chemistry)
NH4Cl A white crystalline salt that occurs naturally as a sublimation product of volcanic action or is manufactured; used as an electrolyte in dry cells, as a flux for soldering, tinning, and galvanizing, and as an expectorant.

sal ammoniac, ammonium chloride

A material used in a soldering flux and as an ingredient in iron cement.
References in periodicals archive ?
The ammonium chloride market is estimated to grow at a robust CAGR during the forecast period of 2018 -- 2025, considering 2017 as the base year.
The highest ascochlorin yield of 2.08 [+ or -] 0.01 mg/g DW was obtained on trehalose and ammonium chloride. The analysis of variance of the general factorial design for biomass and ascochlorin production by Microcera sp.
Than 1 ml saturated ammonium chloride solution and o-aminothiophenol (0,001 moles, 0,11 ml) was added to mixture.
One study showed that ammonium chloride given over a long period of time reduced the mineral content in the bones of ewes.
The addition of sodium nitrate, ammonium chloride, and ammonium nitrate at 1% w/w showed the highest yield of 14679, 13138, and 12314 g [kg.sup.-1] dry coconut oil cake at eighth day of incubation (Figure 4).
Effects of medium components on enzyme activities: Moisture, rumen content, inoculum, molasses, cornstarch, soybean meal powder, wheat bran, and ammonium chloride were used as variable components of the culture conditions.
The above mentioned study showed that, among the three possible sources of chloride contamination, the ammonium chloride powdering stage is the main one.
Vantocilao FHC is based on the active ingredient poly (hexamethylene biguanide) hydrochloride (PHMB) in combination with a quaternary ammonium compound (alkyl dimethyl ammonium chloride).
Instructions are provided for preparing solutions, analyzing spinach extract, titrating reactants to produce ammonium chloride, measuring pH with universal indicators, calculating rate of reaction, and synthesizing copper pigments to make paint.
The experiment involved the application of ammonium chloride to an area of 25 [m.sup.2], and then from 6 days to 5 months later taking soil samples at 200-mm intervals down to 2 m depth and analysing them for chloride, ammonium, and nitrate.
* Do you still buy tonnes of ammonium chloride for the annual tank refill?
Among them were mercury and sal ammoniac (ammonium chloride), the latter being a white or colorless crystalline salt found in volcanic regions.