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ammonium chloride (əmōˈnēəm klôrˈīd), chemical compound, NH4Cl, a white or colorless, odorless, water-soluble, cubic crystalline salt with a biting taste, commonly known as sal ammoniac. It is prepared commercially by reacting ammonia, NH3, with hydrogen chloride, HCl, and is used chiefly in the manufacture of electric dry-cell batteries, in soldering fluxes, in textile printing, and in making other compounds. It is also used in certain medical treatments. It occurs in nature in volcanic regions.
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ammonium chloride[ə′mōn·yəm ′klȯr‚īd]
NH4Cl A white crystalline salt that occurs naturally as a sublimation product of volcanic action or is manufactured; used as an electrolyte in dry cells, as a flux for soldering, tinning, and galvanizing, and as an expectorant.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
sal ammoniac, ammonium chloride
A material used in a soldering flux and as an ingredient in iron cement.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.