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"&" ASCII character 38.

Common names: ITU-T, INTERCAL: ampersand; amper; and. Rare: address (from C); reference (from C++); bitand; background (from sh); pretzel; amp.

A common symbol for "and", used as the "address of" operator in C, the "reference" operator in C++ and a bitwise AND operator in several programming languages.

UNIX shells use the character to indicate that a task should be run in the background.

The ampersand is a ligature (combination) of the cursive letters "e" and "t", invented in 63 BC by Marcus Tirus as shorthand for the Latin word for "and", "et".

The word ampersand is a conflation (combination) of "and, per se and". Per se means "by itself", and so the phrase translates to "&, standing by itself, means 'and'". This was at the end of the alphabet as it was recited by children in old English schools. The words ran together and were associated with "&". The "ampersand" spelling dates from 1837.

Take our word for it.


The ampersand (&) normally means "and" as in Jones & Company. However, in the computer world, it is used in various ways. In Windows, it is used as a code to precede an underlined character. As a result, in some input dialogs, you have to enter a double ampersand (&&) to actually define a single ampersand.

In programming, a double ampersand is used to represent the Boolean AND operator such as in the C statement, if (x >= 100 && x >= 199).

In HTML, the ampersand is used to code foreign letters and special characters such as the copyright and trademark symbols. See ampersand codes and address operator.
References in periodicals archive ?
MRTD chose to open Ampersand and has plans to develop more projects in Fort Worth because of the local culture and community.
Ampersand has about 70 employees, who now are part of the 1,500-member WS work force.
A rather serious-looking Nicola Roberts from Girls Aloud also joined the lads at Ampersand but while they were happy to stay out until the early hours, she sloped off early.
Ampersand enables its customers to harness the power of technology to build outstanding business solutions.
The new patent and technology license agreement provides Ampersand Medical Corporation access to AccuMed technology and patent rights for Ampersand's point-of-care systems for cervical and ovarian cancer screening.
Our ability to acquire Ampersand and combine it into our recently acquired SoundQuest car accessory products group will substantially strengthen our efforts to become a major player in the the car audio accessory marketplace," said Robert Borchardt, Recoton's president.
In contrast to The Safety Net, Ampersand runs its page numbers in type bigger than the type used for entries.
Limber has partnered with Massachusetts-based private equity firm Ampersand Capital Partners and Philadelphia-based investment service 1315 Capital, in a definitive agreement to acquire the commercial laboratory of Calif.
Ampersand Capital Partners, a healthcare-focused, middle market private equity firm, has named Frank Witney, Ph.
The British Medical Association (BMA) has announced selection of Ampersand, CH&Co Groups specialist venue and visitor attraction catering division, for provision of a range of services at BMA House in Tavistock Square, London.