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"&" ASCII character 38.

Common names: ITU-T, INTERCAL: ampersand; amper; and. Rare: address (from C); reference (from C++); bitand; background (from sh); pretzel; amp.

A common symbol for "and", used as the "address of" operator in C, the "reference" operator in C++ and a bitwise AND operator in several programming languages.

UNIX shells use the character to indicate that a task should be run in the background.

The ampersand is a ligature (combination) of the cursive letters "e" and "t", invented in 63 BC by Marcus Tirus as shorthand for the Latin word for "and", "et".

The word ampersand is a conflation (combination) of "and, per se and". Per se means "by itself", and so the phrase translates to "&, standing by itself, means 'and'". This was at the end of the alphabet as it was recited by children in old English schools. The words ran together and were associated with "&". The "ampersand" spelling dates from 1837.

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The ampersand (&) normally means "and" as in Jones & Company. However, in the computer world, it is used in various ways. In Windows, it is used as a code to precede an underlined character. As a result, in some input dialogs, you have to enter a double ampersand (&&) to actually define a single ampersand.

In programming, a double ampersand is used to represent the Boolean AND operator such as in the C statement, if (x >= 100 && x >= 199).

In HTML, the ampersand is used to code foreign letters and special characters such as the copyright and trademark symbols. See ampersand codes and address operator.
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References in periodicals archive ?
MRTD chose to open Ampersand and has plans to develop more projects in Fort Worth because of the local culture and community.
Adults increased their daily fruit servings as well, from 1.9 to 2.3 servings, Ampersand said.
Ampersand created VIBT in 2009 through a merger of two independent laboratories in the Kansas City area.
A neighboring display case presents a copy of Gander's book Ampersand: Notes on a Collection (all works 2012), placed open but facedown.
Melissa Burnett, the owner of the Sassy Zebra Vintage Boutique Ampersand Consignment Shop in Jonesboro, said she was planning to hire another part-time employee for the holiday season.
BACK BY POPULAR DEMAND is Propolis Ampersand Myrrh Gingermint Baking Soda toothpaste from Tom's of Maine.
law firm of Cappello & Noel is suing Santa Barbara News-Press owner Wendy McCaw's Ampersand Publishing, the newspaper's parent company, and related trusts, claiming it owes more than $500,000 in attorney fees, expenses, and interest.
Now I have a new goal - to go get a Pope Ampersand Young record buck.
Determined to honour Ian's memory by metamorphosing into a 21st century love god, James turns to dating guru Ampersand (Craig Conway), who learned everything he knows from the world famous Zeus (Martin Kemp).
The board said that McCaw and Ampersand Publishing LLC -- which purchased the News-Press from The New York Times Co.
WORCESTER - Blue Sky Biotech Inc., a contract research organization and biotechnology company, said it completed a partnering investment with the private-equity firm Ampersand Ventures.
The Warrington company has emblazoned its vehicles with "Lennon & McCartney" and "Echo &The Bunnymen" in tribute to the ampersand symbol in its own name.