The significant political tenet, `reason should govern the state', is here articulated in reverse, in the form of a play on the amphibology
of the word [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] -- a current colloquial term which had meanwhile invaded the science of geometry, to be raised there to the status of an eminent and cold `technical term'.
But "against" must be used here respecting its double sense: it is an amphibology
which suggests not only struggle or war as against an enemy, but also leaning or pressing as against a lover.
Too many of our most polished scholars have condescended to make themselves the echoes of degenerate Greeks and enervated Romans, and to forget the amphibology
that lurks in the word barbarous; while want of power to comprehend the peculiarities of the Saxon mind--without which no one will comprehend the peculiarities of the Saxon institutions--has led others to describe the ancestors of the English nation as savages half reclaimed, without laws, morals, or religion.
Letters" (27-38) is the "literary chapter" in which Giusti examines works by Baldassare Castiglione, Pietro Aretino, and Matteo Bandello to demonstrate how these writers "mirrored and supported the amphibology
of the term courtesan, and the need for its framing" (14).