medium sized, rounded oval shaped, located posterior to head papillae, amphidial opening pocket-shaped (Fig.
Second stage larvae (11 to 17 dpi) possessed a smooth circular oral opening, with presumptive lateral amphids
Since diacetyl is detected primarily by the AWA amphid
neurons and benzaldehyde by the AWC neurons (7), use of these two volatile attractants allowed for the separation of these two chemosensory pathways and the assessment of their interactions with the thermosensory circuits.
Cephalic end rounded, bearing four distinct circumoral papillae and a pair of lateral amphids
about at middle of stoma, oval 2.5-3.0 um wide, one fourth of corresponding body width.
nigrescens female, one of the dendrites in each amphidial nerve bundle forms a multilamellar structure within the pigmented cup, beginning about 100 [micro]m posterior to the amphid
The studied specimens can be differentiated from Camallanus hypophthalmichthys Dogel and Akhmerov, 1959 (Moravec et al., 2004) described in China by the absence of 3 small caudal processes on the mail tail tip, the highest measurements of body length in both sexes, the greater number of ridges and anal papillae pairs, the size ratio of spicules and by the absence of amphids
and deirids as well.
between the lateral subdorsal and subventral papillae.
The head was bluntly rounded and contained 4 externolabial papillae, 4 cephalic papillae, 2 amphids
, and a buccal cavity (length 5 [micro]m, width 4.5 [micro]m) with a tiny cuticular ring.
Gene Human ortholog Neuronal expression rpy-1 Isoform 1 of 43 kDa DA, VD, AS, VB, DB receptor-associated protein of the synapse glr-7 Glutamate receptor, ionotropic, l3, l2, l6, Ml, NSM, l1 kainate 3, isoform CRA_a try-10 Chymotrypsin-like elastase Amphids
and phasmids family member 1 nhr-178 Isoform 2 of Nuclear receptor Amphids
and phasmids subfamily 2 group C member 1 acs-2 Long-chain fatty acid acyl-CoA Several neurons ligase uvt-6 Somatostatin receptor type 4 Head and tail neurons T04C9.
Neuronal Class Description S1 OLL Head sensory neuron URY Head sensory neuron IL2 Head sensory neuron RIH Ring interneuron ASH Amphids
; sensory neuron RIM Ring motor neuron RIV Ring motor/interneuron CEP Head sensory neuron AVH Interneuron ADL Amphids
; sensory neuron S2 SMD Ring motor neuron RME Ring motor neuron RMD Ring motor neuron AVB Command interneuron AVA Command interneuron AVE Command interneuron AVD Command interneuron TABLE 6.3 Neuronal class and type for bipartite subgraph found in the global network of 191 neurons of the C.