(redirected from amphorae)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


an ancient Greek or Roman two-handled narrow-necked jar for oil, wine, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an ancient vessel made of clay, more rarely of metal, with a wide top, a narrow neck, and two handles.

Amphoras, used to store and transport wine and oil, sometimes served as banquet vessels. Amphoras were often decorated with paintings. Artistically, the amphoras of the archaic and classical periods created by the Greeks Ex-ekias, Amasis, Andokides, Duris, and Polygnotos I are the most interesting. Amphoras were also made in the Middle Ages, particularly in tenth-and 12th-century Kievan Rus’.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among the amphorae, we have identified 60 fragments (38 rims and 22 handles), 30 of which allowed a typological classification.
The amphorae have now been offered to the Ankara Museum of Anatolian Civilizations.
The samples came from Etruscan amphorae dated to around 525 to 475 B.C.
Various civilizations established their own "factories" to manufacture bulk quantities of amphorae to transport goods, Foley said.
It could be that, as the amphorae were semi-porous, it is due to some of the wine seeping through to the exterior (Curtis, 2001), but this does not sit entirely comfortably alongside evidence that at least some Egyptian amphorae had their inner surface sealed with resins precisely to stop such seepage of product (Darby et al., 1977).
Knowledge of the ancient sources leads to an interesting review of excavated amphorae, including discussion of the saving of wine in its containers for long periods, with significant implications for chronologies.
"Amphorae from Unidentified Centres in the North Aegean," in The Cauldron of Ariantas: Studies Presented to A.
Cap off a unit on the Phoenicians--the civilization of Eastern Mediterranean traders that plied their wares as far away as Europe and Africa from 1200 to 146 B.C.--by having students build a model the clay jars known as amphorae. To see an ancient amphora and get basic information about the Phoenicians, visit and DayLifeArtifact1.htm.
The net is cast widely: select individuals and places, religions, languages, and material remains (for example, amphorae, ceramics, mosaics) are all covered, in the company of more general themes ranging from foodstuffs to literacy and spiritual direction.
The memorable terra-cotta amphorae suspended over transparent basins are promised, as are at least two major installations realized specifically for Trento.
When sonar and ROVs go looking for them, they'd be easier to find if those amphorae weren't in the way.
More than 500 amphorae from the Mazotos shipwreck in situ (file photo)