amphora

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amphora

an ancient Greek or Roman two-handled narrow-necked jar for oil, wine, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Amphora

 

an ancient vessel made of clay, more rarely of metal, with a wide top, a narrow neck, and two handles.

Amphoras, used to store and transport wine and oil, sometimes served as banquet vessels. Amphoras were often decorated with paintings. Artistically, the amphoras of the archaic and classical periods created by the Greeks Ex-ekias, Amasis, Andokides, Duris, and Polygnotos I are the most interesting. Amphoras were also made in the Middle Ages, particularly in tenth-and 12th-century Kievan Rus’.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.