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an ancient Greek or Roman two-handled narrow-necked jar for oil, wine, etc.



an ancient vessel made of clay, more rarely of metal, with a wide top, a narrow neck, and two handles.

Amphoras, used to store and transport wine and oil, sometimes served as banquet vessels. Amphoras were often decorated with paintings. Artistically, the amphoras of the archaic and classical periods created by the Greeks Ex-ekias, Amasis, Andokides, Duris, and Polygnotos I are the most interesting. Amphoras were also made in the Middle Ages, particularly in tenth-and 12th-century Kievan Rus’.

References in periodicals archive ?
Production, distribution, and disposal of Roman amphoras, in G.
The capacity of the Roman wine amphora was 2526 litres (Purcell 1985: 15n74; Lister & Lister 1987: 9; also the Greek, Koehler 1995: 323); in terms of other containers, the dolia at Pompeii, 1025 litres, are equivalent to 40 amphorae (Jashemski 1968; 1973), and a culleus, 520 litres, is equivalent to 20 amphorae (Purcell 1985: 12n39).
With later Roman imperial expansion, control of amphora manufacture, like that of wine production, passed to the provinces and was more heavily state-controlled (Will 1992: 263, 267).
Peacock & Williams (1986: 50) refer to sealing a cork in place in the mouth of Roman amphora with 'mortar of the simple lime-sand composition or sometimes of the pozzolana variety'.
Olives from Roman Spain: a unique amphora find in British waters, Antiquaries Journal 69(1): 53-72.
Neither Qana nor Berenike contain the full range of Late Roman amphora types found in India.
Amphora from Elephanta Island: a preliminary study, in V.
Despite having the largest collection of imported Roman amphora sherds of any Early Historic site in India, no torpedo jars have been positively identified from Arikamedu.
Pottery, comprising one of the largest assemblages of amphora imports in India, has been recovered both from underwater survey at Morabandar by Alok Tripathi (1993; 2004) and on land by Sunil Gupta (Gupta 2002; Shinde et al.
Some of the jars selected for the study had been stored on shelves for nearly two decades, suggesting that DNA buried within the amphora walls remains viable long after the jars are brought up from underwater.
When Foley surveyed the scientific literature, he found 27 articles in peer-reviewed journals that directly spoke of amphora contents from Greece's golden age.