# amplitude

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## amplitude

(ăm`plĭto͞od'), in physics, maximum displacement from a zero value or rest position. In the harmonic motionharmonic motion,
regular vibration in which the acceleration of the vibrating object is directly proportional to the displacement of the object from its equilibrium position but oppositely directed.
of a pendulum, the amplitude of the swing is the greatest distance reached to either side of the central rest position. Amplitude is important in the description of a wavewave,
in physics, the transfer of energy by the regular vibration, or oscillatory motion, either of some material medium or by the variation in magnitude of the field vectors of an electromagnetic field (see electromagnetic radiation).
phenomenon such as light or sound. In general, the greater the amplitude of the wave, the more energy it transmits (e.g., a brighter light or a louder sound).

## amplitude

1. Symbol: δm . The difference between the maximum and minimum magnitudes of a variable star, i.e. the range in magnitude of the star. The amplitude of pulsating variables is related to the logarithm of the period.
2. The maximum instantaneous deviation of an oscillating quantity from its average value.

## amplitude

[′am·plə‚tüd]
(astronomy)
The range in brightness of a variable star, usually expressed in magnitudes.
(mathematics)
The angle between a vector representing a specified complex number on an Argand diagram and the positive real axis. Also argument.
Angular distance north or south of the prime vertical; the arc of the horizon, or the angle at the zenith between the prime vertical and a vertical circle, measured north or south from the prime vertical to the vertical circle.
(physics)
The maximum absolute value attained by the disturbance of a wave or by any quantity that varies periodically.

## amplitude

Of oscillation or vibration, the maximum displacement from the mean position.

## amplitude

i. The amplitude of a wave is the maximum displacement, or the maximum value, it attains from its mean position during a cycle. It is both positive and negative. With sound waves, the greater the amplitude, the louder is the sound.
ii. Angular distance north or south of the prime vertical; the arc of the horizon or the angle at the zenith between the prime vertical and a vertical circle, measured north or south from the prime vertical circle. The term is used customarily only to refer to bodies whose centers are on the celestial horizon and is prefixed “E” or “W” as the body is rising or setting, respectively, and suffixed “N” or “S” to agree with the declination.

## amplitude

1. Astronomy the angular distance along the horizon measured from true east or west to the point of intersection of the vertical circle passing through a celestial body
2. Maths (of a complex number) the angle that the vector representing the complex number makes with the positive real axis. If the point (x, y) has polar coordinates (r, θ), the amplitude of x + iy is θ, that is, arctan y/x
3. Physics the maximum variation from the zero or mean value of a periodically varying quantity

## amplitude

The strength or volume of a signal, usually measured in decibels. See wavelength.

Amplitude The amplitude is the power of a signal. The greater the amplitude, the greater the energy carried.
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