amygdalin


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amygdalin

(əmĭg`dəlĭn): see benzaldehydebenzaldehyde
or benzenecarbonal
, C6H5CHO, colorless liquid aldehyde with a characteristic almond odor. It boils at 180°C;, is soluble in ethanol, but is insoluble in water.
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amygdalin

[ə′mig·də‚lən]
(biochemistry)
C6H5CH(CN)OC12H21O10 A glucoside occurring in the kernels of certain plants of the genus Prunus.
References in periodicals archive ?
She declined chemotherapy and recently began seeing a holistic medicine doctor who prescribed her vitamin B17 500 mg (amygdalin) tablets.
The newspaper quoted a study which stated that the amygdalin content of apple seeds was found to be approximately 3 milligrams per gram of seeds (one seed is approximately 0.7gm).
Semi-industrial isolation of salicin and amygdalin from plant extracts using slow rotary counter-current chromatography.
Bitter almonds contain significant amounts (3 9%) of amygdalin a diglucoside which releases hydrocyanic acid and benzaldehyde upon enzymatic hydrolysis [17]; bitter almonds are used primarily in the production of flavor extracts [18].
But to Moss' surprise, numerous letters were written in regard to a substance called amygdalin, or, more popularly, laetrile.
In addition, the mannitol and amygdalin could be used as carbon sources by Suzhou 08+6 (Table 3).
However, the seeds are supposed to be spitted out, as they contain a substance called amygdalin, which can release a small amount of hydrogen cyanide when digested.
The cyanogenic glucoside amygdalin is found in bitter almonds and commonly causes cyanide poisoning.
For example, essential oil of Vernonia amygdalin (750 mg) repelled the storage-grain pest, Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Asawalam & Hassanali 2006), however it was attractive to other weevil, Eurhinus magnificus Gyllenhal (Ulmer et al.
The cyanogenic glycoside amygdalin does not deter consumption of ripe fruit by cedar waxwings.
Biochemical characteristics: P-galactosidase (ONPG), arginine dihydrolase (ADH), lysine decarboxylase (LDC), ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), citrate utilization (CIT), H2S production (H2S), urease (URE), tryptophane deaminase (TDA), Voges Proskauer (VP), sucrose (SAC), melibiose (MEL), indole production (IND), Rhammose (RHA), gelatinase (GEL), Glucose (GLU), mannitol (MAN), inositol (INO), sorbitol (SOR), amygdalin (AMY), arabinose (ARA), oxidase (OX).
The isolates did not utilize citrate; did not produce arginine decarboxylase, hydrogen sulfide, urease, tryptophan deaminase, acetoin, or gelatinase; and did not ferment inositol, L-rhamnose, D-sucrose, D-melibiose, or amygdalin. All isolates except that from the fantail from Australia (B1086) used p-galactosidase.