anabolic steroid


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

anabolic steroid

(ăn'əbŏl`ĭk stĕr`oid, stĭr`–) or

androgenic steroid

(ăn'drōjĕn`ĭk), any of a group of synthetic derivatives of testosteronetestosterone
, principal androgen, or male sex hormone. One of the group of compounds known as anabolic steroids, testosterone is secreted by the testes (see testis) but is also synthesized in small quantities in the ovaries, cortices of the adrenal glands, and placenta, usually
..... Click the link for more information.
 that promote muscle and bone growth. Used to treat uncontrolled weight loss in wasting diseases, anabolic steroids have also been taken by bodybuilders and athletes seeking increased muscle mass, strength, and stamina. Such use is banned by the International Olympic Committee and other governing bodies in sports, but not all sports test for steroids. Major League Baseball did not test for steroids until 2003, when random testing returned positive results on more than 5% of the players tested, and the National Hockey League still does not test. Under a 1988 federal law it is illegal to distribute anabolic steroids for nontherapeutic uses, and in 1991 they joined other abused drugs as controlled substances. Nonetheless, a precursor hormone called dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), which can convert to testosterone in the body, is available as a dietary supplement without a prescription. Abuse of anabolic steroids may lead to elevated cholesterol levels, liver disease, blood clots leading to heart attack or stroke, increased aggressiveness and irritability, and, in adolescents, permanent stunting of growth. See also steroidssteroids,
class of lipids having a particular molecular ring structure called the cyclopentanoperhydro-phenanthrene ring system. Steroids differ from one another in the structure of various side chains and additional rings. Steroids are common in both plants and animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

anabolic steroid

[‚an·ə¦bäl·ik ′sti‚rȯid]
(biochemistry)
Any of a group of steroid hormones that increase anabolism.

anabolic steroid

any of a group of synthetic steroid hormones (androgens) used to stimulate muscle and bone growth for therapeutic or athletic purposes
References in periodicals archive ?
Last October a study revealed one in 10 Irish adults and one in five 18 to 34-year-olds would consider taking anabolic steroids.
The directorate seized anabolic steroid worth Rs 2 crore and foreign currency of Rs 1.28 crore.
It is also known as a long term anabolic steroid as it produces long lasting muscles and is more powerful in the longer term.
The study, which had the largest sample size of any survey yet conducted of anabolic steroid users, found that 45 percent of respondents held at least a bachelor's degree and 83 percent were employed.
Objective: To determine the knowledge, awareness and practices of anabolic steroids amongst body builders of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.
We are thankful as well to other legislators and industry stakeholders who kept the serious issue of designer anabolic steroids in front of key colleagues in Congress.
Results indicated that users of ergogenic supplements were more likely to believe in the effectiveness of nonmedical anabolic steroids. The risky behaviors observed with the use of ergogenic supplements (physically fighting, heavy drinking, and driving while under the influence of alcohol) are similar to risky behaviors observed by nonmedical anabolic steroid users.
Anabolic Steroid Use by Male and Female Middle School Students.
Sports are supposedly "played on an equal playing field,'' but anabolic steroids make a mockery of that principle of athletics, according to a Worcester sports medicine physician.
"There are two different types of steroids - anabolic steroids that build muscle and corticosteroids that are anti-inflammatory.
Systolic and diastolic function in all groups was relatively similar and it is suggestive of no effect, or minimal effect of chronic anabolic steroid abuse on size, function and stiffness of the heart.