Did Freud not contradict himself further and in a dubious manner when, on the one hand, he prescribed the analytic practice of dismantling the prejudices brought by the analysand
but under no circumstances replacing them with the analyst's own prejudices, only then to explain the bodily [Korperliche] and the instincts that stem directly from it in terms of the actual reality of psychic life [Wirklichen des Seelenlebens]?
In a subsequent article, Pinsky (2014) focused on the question all analysands
ask about their analyst: "who am I--really--to you?" (p.
Recall that transference is the repetition of earlier relationships within the space of analysis--a common manifestation of which might be the analysand
treating the analyst as he or she does the parent of the same gender.
The goal of an analysis is not to deprive analysands
of all enjoyment, but to dissipate the enjoyment they derive from their symptoms, an enjoyment they are generally conflicted about (or to transform their way of seeing that enjoyment so that they are no longer conflicted about it).
One result of a successful analysis, then, is the analysand
's recognition that he has chosen much of his life, especially the frustrating repetitions that have formerly appeared to him as inevitable.
Rather the claim is verified, or not, by the procedure known as the passe, in which an analysand
testifies to the nature of her experience before two other analysands
, known as passers, who in turn transmit this testimony to a group of others known as "the cartel of the pass" (Tillet 2001, 130).
It seems that, in their ambivalence, analysands
hope simultaneously to get rid of their problems and to hang on to them.
who has not confronted the irreparable in himself has not
As Brooks observes in Psychoanalysis and Storytelling, psychoanalysis implicates narratology, the telling of stories, because the analysand
's "neurosis is a faulty narrative," a story that lacks plot coherence or clear motivation (49).
In other words, like the parent-child bond, the analytic relationship is a sacred haven in which analysands
have a second chance to realize their vitality and authenticity potentials.
Even though Laforgue embraced outdated primitivist views of Arabs, then, the presence of his analysands
in Moroccan institutions opened psychiatry to new views that broke with the past.