anarcho-syndicalism


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

anarcho-syndicalism

a revolutionary movement derived, in part, from the teachings of Proudhon and MARX, and most usually associated with the doctrines of Guillaume and SOREL. The movement emerged in France in the 1890s and thereafter spread to Italy, Spain and Latin America. Anarcho-syndicalists were committed to the overthrow of capitalism by means of a workers’ revolution. Their doctrines were based on a radical rejection of all political roads to socialism, and indeed of all POLITICAL PARTIES, power and planning both before and after the revolution. Such ‘politics’ was associated with compromise which weakened the revolutionary will of the workers. It was also associated with hierarchical party and state organization, and thus with inequalities of power and domination, which would – unless politics was repudiated – persist after the revolution and convert the DICTATORSHIP OF THE PROLETARIAT into a dictatorship over the proletariat by party hierarchs and state functionaries. Accordingly, the anarcho-syndicalist ideal lay in a producer-centred revolution: a revolution carried out at the point of production by a loose federation of decentralized, free, autonomous workers’ organizations which is based on a rejection of hierarchy and domination and achieved through the medium of the general strike. This would sweep away capitalist society and the state and replace them with free, autonomous, self-governing workers’ associations which would administer production and society without recourse to hierarchical organization and domination. Although anarcho-syndicalism made some impact in France, Italy and Spain, its influence was short-lived and never widespread, especially since mainstream MARXISM regarded it as a PETTY BOURGEOIS deviation which distracted the working class from its principal task of building a revolutionary party
References in periodicals archive ?
Women's exclusion from decision-making power became entrenched as anarcho-syndicalism gained popularity, and emphasised (masculine) industrial unions as the organising unit for revolution.
Though he damns all parliamentary process as treacherous placebo, Arnold nowhere suggests an alternative (Anarcho-Syndicalism? Menshevism?), nor can his simplification account for the benefits that have historically accrued within (pressured and infiltrated) bourgeois parliamentary rule since Shakespeare's time: freedom of speech, assembly, and worship, abolition of slavery, female enfranchisement, and the welfare state.
For Jesse Goldhammer, while Bataille 'owes a theoretical debt to late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century French anarcho-syndicalism' (17), he departs from Marxist and anarchist positions by incorporating into politics a highly original notion of sacrifice as 'a mediated form of self-demolition' (23).
Many of the guild's leaders were influenced by anarcho-syndicalism, and the guild can be considered as one of the first Chinese labor organizations influenced by Western political ideology.
Jon Bekken, Anarcho-syndicalism and the environmental movement, Libertarian labor review, Issue 6, Winter 1989, pp.
He reveals only a couple of times, and as asides, that he's for the People's Choice ideology of anarcho-syndicalism, from which arises his occasional libertarian-sounding swipes at his liberal enemies for their "accommodation of state power" and his declaration that "in the realm of even the most benevolent state ...
Oliveira Marques' summary judgement on the first Republic did not feature a set of jumbled conspiracy theories and stereotyped figures, but instead sought a new, balanced analysis of an era which represented an ideological battleground of "isms" and "anti-isms," where various strains of Monarchism, Republicanism, Anarcho-Syndicalism, Anarchism, Socialism, Marxism-Leninism and Communism, Catholicism, Integralism, Fascism and Nationalism struggled for supremacy in Lisbon's streets, cafes, libraries, parliament, churches and schools.
To the filmmakers' credit, they don't make this exercise in anarcho-syndicalism seem easy.
[nevertheless]from 1900 to the 1960s, Mediterranean Europe had a different labor movement, one shaped by anarcho-syndicalism and then in the Cold War by strong CPs [Communist Parties] marginalized by regimes of the Right.
Influenced by anarcho-syndicalism, literate and skilled workers, such as those who formed the leadership of the Casa del Obrero Mundial, or House of the International Worker, attempted to create an autonomous working-class movement without political ties either to government or to contending revolutionary factions.
Ban recognized potentially instructive similarities between the spirit and style of anarcho-syndicalism and the praxis of radical ecology.
The chart was eventually mocked by Samuel Gompers as "Father Hagerty's Wheel of Fortune" By 1905, as we have seen, Hagerty was no longer a believer in party politics and had come to believe in industrial action as the only realistic political strategy--a perspective known in Marxist circles as syndicalism and in its extreme European form as Anarcho-Syndicalism, as for example in the CNT in Spain.